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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Percentage of people who are lonely by age and gender
Local Authority[Filtered]
Click here to sortPercentage of adults (16+)Click here to sortLower Confidence Interval (%)Click here to sortUpper Confidence Interval (%)Click here to sortPercentage of adults (16+)Click here to sortLower Confidence Interval (%)Click here to sortUpper Confidence Interval (%)
[Collapse]All agesAll (16+)171618161517
[Collapse]16-24All (16+)201623211825
[Collapse]25-44All (16+)201822191721
[Collapse]45-64All (16+)181720161518
[Collapse]65-74All (16+)1191210811
[Collapse]75 and overAll (16+)1081211912


National Survey Indicators

Last update
June 2018 June 2018

Next update
June 2019 (provisional)

Publishing organisation
Welsh Government

Source 1
National Survey for Wales, Welsh Government

Contact email

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation
Local authorities

Geographical coverage

Languages covered
English and Welsh

Data licensing
You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description
The National Survey for Wales is a face-to-face survey of people across Wales. Each year over 10,000 people aged 16 and over are asked for their opinions on a wide range of issues affecting them and their local area. Respondents are selected at random to ensure the results are representative.

The Well-being of Future Generations Act 2015 is about improving the social, economic, environmental and cultural well-being of Wales. The Act puts in place seven well-being goals for Wales. These are for a more equal, prosperous, resilient, healthier and globally responsible Wales, with cohesive communities and a vibrant culture and thriving Welsh language. 46 national indicators were laid in March 2016 before the National Assembly and the National Survey for Wales will be the data source for fifteen of the national indicators: indicators 3, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 35, 36, 37 and 38. Some indicators will be updated annually and others less frequently depending on how fast-changing the results are likely to be. Slower-changing topics will not be included in the survey, and therefore not updated, every year.

For further information, please see Weblinks.

Data collection and calculation
Collection of the results:

Every year over 20,000 addresses are chosen at random from the Royal Mail’s Small User Postcode Address File. Interviewers visit each address and randomly select one adult (aged 16+) in the household, and carry out a face-to-face interview with them.

Not all questions are asked of all respondents. Some questions are not applicable to some respondents (e.g. they do not have children) and some questions are only asked of a random subsample of respondents because the results are only required at national level.

Like any figures based on a survey, these results are subject to margins of error. The margins of error (“confidence intervals”) are shown for each result. These give a range within which the true value is likely to fall.

Calculation of the indicators:
The results of the National Survey are weighted to compensate for unequal selection probabilities and differential non-response (i.e. to ensure that the age and sex distribution of the final dataset matches that of the Welsh population). Respondents who refused to answer a question or who responded ‘Don’t know’ are excluded from the results except where otherwise stated.

FG indicator 19 (Percentage of people living in households in material deprivation) is derived from a series of questions designed to measure the level of household material deprivation. The questions were taken from the Family Resources Survey (FRS), and the methodology used to classify people uses a similar, but not identical method (the FRS also uses income and some questions in the National Survey were only asked of those who were classed as ‘borderline’ deprived).

Non-pensioner adults were asked whether they had things like ‘a holiday away from home for at least a week a year’, ‘enough money to keep their home in a decent state of decoration’, or could ‘make regular savings of £10 a month or more’. The questions for non-pensioner adults focussed on whether they could afford these items.

Pensioners were asked slightly different questions such as whether their ‘home was kept adequately warm’, whether they had ‘access to a car or taxi, when needed’ or whether they ‘had their hair done or cut regularly’. These also asked whether they could afford them, but also focussed on not being able to have these items for other reasons, such as poor health, or no one to help them etc.

Those who did not have these items were given a score, such that if they didn’t have any item on the list, they would have a score of 100, and if they had all items, they had a score of 0. Non-pensioners with a score of 25 or more were classed as deprived and pensioners with a score of 20 or more were classed as deprived.

Non-pensioners and Pensioners have been grouped together for this indicator. For more information on how the material deprivation score was calculated please contact the National Survey team on

FG indicator 20 (Percentage of people moderately or very satisfied with their jobs) is the percentage of people who gave a score of 6 or more for their level of job satisfaction, where 0 was ‘not at all satisfied’ and 10 is ‘completely satisfied’.

FG indicator 23 (Percentage who feel able to influence decisions affecting their local area) is the percentage of people who ‘strongly agreed’ or ‘tended to agree’ with the statement “I can influence decisions affecting my local area”.

FG indicator 24 (Percentage of people satisfied with their ability to get to/ access the facilities and services they need) is the percentage of adults who report being very or fairly satisfied with their ability to get to services and facilities in their local area (within 15 to 20 minutes walk from their home).

FG indicator 25 (Percentage of people feeling safe at home, walking in the local area, and when travelling) is the percentage of people who report feeling ‘very safe’ or ‘fairly safe’ in all of the following situations after dark:
- at home
- walking alone
- travelling by public transport
- travelling by car.
A relatively high proportion of people answered ‘don’t know’ to their feeling of safety when travelling on public transport. Those who said ‘don’t know’ to any question, were therefore included as feeling safe, provided they answered ‘very safe’ or ‘fairly safe’ to the other questions.

FG indicator 26 (Percentage of people satisfied with local area as a place to live) is the percentage of adults who report feeling very or fairly satisfied with their local area as a place to live.

FG indicator 27 (Percentage of people agreeing that they belong to the area; that people from different backgrounds get on well together; and that people treat each other with respect) is based on the proportion of people who strongly agree or tend to agree that:
- they belong to their local area;
- the local area is a place where people from different backgrounds get on well together; and
- that people in the local area treat each other with respect and consideration.
When asked whether people from different backgrounds get on well together, some explained that there were ‘too few people in the local area’ or that the people in their local area were all from the ‘same backgrounds’. These were also included as agreeing provided they ‘strongly agreed’ or ‘tended to agree’ with the other two statements.

FG indicator 28 (Percentage of people who Volunteer) is the percentage of adults who give their time for free to help clubs or organisations. The data presented does not include people who provide care for someone.

FG indicator 29 (Mean mental well-being score for people) is the mean mental well-being score according to the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). To assesses mental well-being on the WEMWBS scale, respondents were given 14 statements such as “I’ve been feeling relaxed” and “I’ve been thinking clearly” and were asked how often they felt this way on a five point scale, where 1 was ‘none of the time’ and 5 ‘all of the time’. A score from 14 to 70 was subsequently calculated, with higher scores indicating better mental well-being.

FG indicator 30 (Percentage of people who are lonely) is the percentage of adults who are lonely according to the De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale. To assess levels of loneliness on this scale, respondents were given 6 statements such as “I miss having people around” and “There are enough people I feel close to” and were asked to indicate the extent to which these statements applied to them. A score from 0 to 6 was subsequently calculated, and those with a score of 4 or more were classed as lonely.

FG indicator 35 (Percentage of people attending or participating in arts, culture or heritage activities at least 3 times a year) is the percentage of adults who have attended or participated in at least 3 arts, culture or heritage activities in the previous 12 months.

FG indicator 36 is based on those who report being either ‘fluent in Welsh’, being able to ‘speak a fair amount of Welsh’, or those who could ‘only speak a little Welsh’; and who also speak Welsh daily.

FG indicator 37 (Percentage of people who can speak Welsh)
The Census of Population is the main source of information for the percentage of people who can speak Welsh. Between Censuses the National Survey is used to monitor trends for adults.
The indicator is based on adults aged 16 and over who report that they can speak Welsh. The question allows people to answer yes, no, and also allows people to spontaneously report that they can’t speak Welsh but that they have some skills in the language. This monitoring indicator is based only on those who answer ‘yes’ to this question.

FG indicator 38 (Percentage of people participating in sporting activities three or more times a week). For this indicator respondents were shown a series of indoor and outdoor activities and asked whether they had participated in any of them. If they did, they were asked how many times they had participated in the activity over the previous 4 weeks.

For further information, please see the statistical first release and bulletins for the relevant year. Please see the National indicators for Wales: Technical document for information relating to the national indicators. These can be found under Weblinks.

Frequency of publication

Data reference periods
Data is shown from 2012-13 onwards where available. Not all indicators are updated every year. There was no survey in 2015-16.

Users, uses and context
We have published reports on the key predictors for several Future Generations indicators based on National Survey results. The reports are available on our web pages and can help to identify actions that will improve progress against these indicators. Please see Weblinks.

The results will be of use to:
- Welsh Government policy teams
- Health Boards, Public Health Wales Observatory and NHS Wales Informatics Service (NWIS)
- Local Authorities
- Voluntary organisations
- Public Services’ communicators’ network CommsCymru
- Academics
- External organisations
- Individuals

Rounding applied
Percentages rounded to the nearest whole number.

Where survey results are not deemed sufficiently robust (i.e. less than 30 responses), values are suppressed. These are represented by “*” in the tables.

Revisions information
No scheduled revisions are planned. If revisions are made the revision process will be followed, please see Weblinks.

Statistical quality
A summary Quality Report is available, containing detailed information on the quality of the survey as well as a summary of the methods used to compile the results; please see Weblinks.

Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015:

How do you measure a nation’s progress? - National Indicators:

How to measure a nation’s progress? National indicators for Wales: Technical document:

National Survey for Wales website:

First releases (headline results):

Quality report:

Revisions, errors and postponements:

Technical information:

Reports on the key predictors:
Who is more likely to be in poverty?, 2016-17:

Who is more likely to be lonely?, 2016-17:

Who is more likely to volunteer for a charity or club?, 2016-17:

Who is more likely to be in material deprivation?, 2014-15:
Who is more likely to be satisfied with their job?, 2014-15:
Who is more likely to feel able to influence decisions affecting their local area?, 2014-15:
Who is more likely to feel safe in their local area?, 2014-15:
Who is more likely to have a strong sense of community?, 2014-15:
Who is more likely to speak Welsh?, 2014-15:

National Survey for Wales; National Survey; Future Generation; FG; Indicators; National Indicators; Well-being;