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Data Provider: Welsh Government Health of children in need by measure and year
[Collapse]Child StatusChildren in the census have been divided into three status categories for reporting, as follows: - Children who are looked after, who may also be on the child protection register - Children who are on the child protection register, but not looked after - Other children in need, who neither looked after, nor on the child protection register (includes unborn children). [Filtered]
Child Status 1[Filter]
[Collapse]ComponentPercentage = Numerator divided by denominator multiplied by 100 Average = Numerator divided by denominator[Filtered]
Component 1[Filter]
Gender 1[Filter]
[Collapse]Local authority[Filtered]
Local authority 1[Filter]
Area code[Filter]
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Percentage of children with up-to-date immunisationsChildren with immunisations up to date are recorded as having received all the immunisations that a child of their age should have received by the census date. Excludes unborn children. The data is incomplete for some local authorities.74768278798180
Percentage of children with up-to-date dental checks (for children aged 5 and over)Children with up to date dental checks are defined as those who have had their teeth checked by a dentist during the twelve months to 31st March.<br />This data was requested specifically for children aged 5 and over, though the item was not compulsory and data is incomplete for some local authorities.70747267666875
Percentage of children with substance misuse problemsRecent guidance published by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) offers a definition of substance misuse as ‘intoxication by – or regular excessive consumption of and/or dependence on – psychoactive substances, leading to social, psychological, physical or legal problems. It includes problematic use of both legal and illegal drugs (including alcohol when used in combination with other substances). Excludes unborn children. The data is incomplete for some local authorities.4555555
Percentage of children with mental health problemsIncludes mental health problems diagnosed by a medical practitioner and children receiving Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) or on a waiting list for services. Includes depression; self harming; and eating disorders. Includes children who report experiencing mental health problems but who do not have a diagnosis. Autistic spectrum disorders, learning disabilities and substance misuse problems are not regarded as mental health problems in their own right. Excludes unborn children. The data is incomplete for some local authorities.5667787
Percentage of children with up-to-date child health surveillance checks (for children aged 0 to 5)Local Authorities were asked to identify whether the child’s health surveillance child health promotion checks were up to date at the census date. <br />This data was requested specifically for children aged 0 to 5, though the item was not compulsory and data is incomplete for some local authorities.71767773747881
Percentage of children with autistic spectrum disorderAutistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are a range of related developmental disorders that begin in childhood and persist throughout adulthood. Excludes unborn children. 2013 ASD data for Neath Port Talbot and Monmouthshire was revised on 25 February 2015.79988910


General description

The Census collected individual records on all children in need, including those looked after by a local authority, who had an open case with a local authority on the 31 March that had been open for the three months from 1 January to 31 March. The purpose of the Census is to collect data that measures the characteristics and attributes of children in need who receive social services from their local authorities, including children looked after by local authorities. The census has focussed particularly on data about the reason that children receive help from social services departments; parental capacity; and on the health and education outcomes for each child.

Data collection and calculation

Anonymised individual child level data is extracted from local authority administrative systems and returned electronically to the Data Collection team within the Welsh Government using an online secure data transfer system called 'AFON'. The AFON system applies an extensive series of validation checks to ensure that the information provided uses the correct codes and is internally consistent.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Data are shown at 31 March for each year from 2010.

Users, uses and context

Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.

Rounding applied

The following measures have been taken to minimise the risk of unwanted disclosure of personal data:
All figures have been rounded to the nearest five. Where there are less than five children in any group, the actual number has been suppressed, and replaced by the symbol *.

Revisions information

Data for 2010 to 2016 were revised on 16 December 2021.


Children in need at 31 March by child status, gender and local authority

Last update

16 December 2021 16 December 2021

Next update

No longer updated

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Children in need census (CiN) data collection, Welsh Government

Contact email



Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

Statistical quality

Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.


Children; Children in need