Skip to content

Data Provider: Welsh Government Eligibility for free school meals and special educational needs of children in need by measure and year
[Collapse]Child Status[Filtered]
Child Status 1[Filter]
Area code[Filter]
[Collapse]Local authority[Filtered]
Local authority 1[Filter]
Click here to sort2010Click here to sort2011Click here to sort2012Click here to sort2013Click here to sort2014Click here to sort2015Click here to sort2016
Percentage of children with eligibilty for free school meals47494949495049
Percentage of children with no special educational needs30313031313232
Percentage of children with special educational needs subject to school action or school action plus36373940414040
Percentage of children with a statement of special educational needs34323129282727


Education of children in need at 31 March by child status, gender and local authority

Last update
1 June 2018 1 June 2018

Next update
No longer updated

Publishing organisation
Welsh Government

Source 1
Children Receiving Care and Support Census

Source 2
Children in need census (CiN) data collection, Welsh Government

Contact email


Lowest level of geographical disaggregation
Local authorities

Geographical coverage

Languages covered
English and Welsh

Data licensing
You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description
The Census collected individual records on all children in need, including those looked after by a local authority, who had an open case with a local authority on the 31 March that had been open for the three months from 1 January to 31 March. The purpose of the Census is to collect data that measures the characteristics and attributes of children in need who receive social services from their local authorities, including children looked after by local authorities. The census has focussed particularly on data about the reason that children receive help from social services departments; parental capacity; and on the health and education outcomes for each child.

Data collection and calculation
Anonymised individual child level data is extracted from local authority administrative systems and returned electronically to the Data Collection team within the Welsh Government using an online secure data transfer system called 'AFON'. The AFON system applies an extensive series of validation checks to ensure that the information provided uses the correct codes and is internally consistent.

Frequency of publication

Data reference periods
Data are shown at 31 March for each year from 2010.

Users, uses and context
Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.

Rounding applied
The following measures have been taken to minimise the risk of unwanted disclosure of personal data:
All figures have been rounded to the nearest five. Where there are less than five children in any group, the actual number has been suppressed, and replaced by the symbol *.

Revisions information
Data for 2010 to 2016 were revised on 27 February 2019.

Statistical quality
Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.

Children; Children in need