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Data Provider: Welsh Government Children in need by source of most recent referral and looked after status
[Collapse]Local authority[Filtered]
Local authority 1[Filter]
Area code[Filter]
[Collapse]Child StatusChildren in the census have been divided into three status categories for reporting, as follows: - Children who are looked after, who may also be on the child protection register - Children who are on the child protection register, but not looked after - Other children in need, who neither looked after, nor on the child protection register (includes unborn children). [Filter]
Child Status 1
[Collapse]Referral Source[Filter]
Referral Source 1
[Collapse]All children in needClick here to sortAll children in need
Click here to sortChildren looked after at 31 MarchChildren looked after may also have been on the child protection register at 31st March.Click here to sortChildren on the child protection register, but not looked after at 31st MarchClick here to sortChildren in need, but not looked after, and not on the child protection register at 31st March
[Collapse]All children in need5,5002,27511,21518,995
All children in needOther departments of own or other LA1,0754702,1453,685
Primary health / Community health8803651,8853,130
Self referral25*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication85110
Central government agency352085140
LA housing department or housing association5535125215
Other individual28050410740
Other agency4102051,0251,640
Local authority’s own social services department1,2103751,9403,525
Secondary health17550395620
Family, friend or neighbour3801151,2501,745
Independent provider agency551055120



Children in need at 31 March by looked after status and source of most recent referral, including unborn children

Last update

16 December 2021 16 December 2021

Next update

No longer updated

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Children in need census (CiN) data collection, Welsh Government

Contact email



Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

The Census collected individual records on all children in need, including those looked after by a local authority, who had an open case with a local authority on the 31 March that had been open for the three months from 1 January to 31 March. The purpose of the Census is to collect data that measures the characteristics and attributes of children in need who receive social services from their local authorities, including children looked after by local authorities. The census has focussed particularly on data about the reason that children receive help from social services departments; parental capacity; and on the health and education outcomes for each child.

Data collection and calculation

Anonymised individual child level data is extracted from local authority administrative systems and returned electronically to the Data Collection team within the Welsh Government using an online secure data transfer system called 'AFON'. The AFON system applies an extensive series of validation checks to ensure that the information provided uses the correct codes and is internally consistent.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Data are shown at 31 March for each year from 2010.

Users, uses and context

Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.

Rounding applied

The following measures have been taken to minimise the risk of unwanted disclosure of personal data:
All figures have been rounded to the nearest five. Where there are less than five children in any group, the actual number has been suppressed, and replaced by the symbol *.

Revisions information

Data for 2010 to 2016 were revised on 16 December 2021.

Statistical quality

Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.


Children; Children in need