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Data Provider: Welsh Government Children in need by category of need and disability
[Collapse]Child StatusChildren in the census have been divided into three status categories for reporting, as follows: - Children who are looked after, who may also be on the child protection register - Children who are on the child protection register, but not looked after - Other children in need, who neither looked after, nor on the child protection register (includes unborn children). [Filtered]
Child Status 1[Filter]
Area code[Filter]
[Collapse]Local authority[Filtered]
Local authority 1[Filter]
[Collapse]DisabilityFigures for children with a disability do not include cases where the child has an autistic spectrum disorder and no other disability. Unborn children are given a disability status of \'not applicable\'. 2013 disability data for Neath Port Talbot was revised on 25 February 2015.[Filter]
Disability 1
[Collapse]Need categoryThe category of need code indicates the main reason why the child started to receive services. Unborn children are included, although the categories N2, N8 and N9 do not apply to unborn children. N1 Abuse or neglect Children in need as a result of, or at risk of, abuse or neglect; also includes children at risk because of domestic violence. N2 Child\'s disability or illness Children and their families whose main need for services arises because of the child\'s disability, illness, or intrinsic condition. N3 Parental disability or illness Children whose main need for services arises because the capacity of their parents (or carers) to care for them is impaired by the parent\'s (or carer\'s) disability, physical or mental illness, or addictions. N4 Family in acute stress Children whose needs arise from living in a family that is going through a temporary crisis that diminishes the parental capacity to adequately meet some of the children\'s needs. N5 Family dysfunction Children whose needs primarily arise from living in a family where the parenting capacity is chronically inadequate. N6 Socially unacceptable behaviour Children and families whose need for services primarily arise out of the child\'s behaviour impacting detrimentally on the community. N7 Low income Children, living in families or independently, whose needs primarily arise from being dependent on an income below the standard state entitlements. N8 Absent parenting Children whose needs for services arise mainly from having no parents available to provide for them. N9 Adoption disruption Main reason for the commencement of a period of being looked after was the disruption of an adoption. [Filter]
Need category 1
[Collapse]All children in needClick here to sortAll children in need
Click here to sortChildren with a disabilityClick here to sortChildren with no disabilityClick here to sortNot applicable
[Collapse]All children in need3,78515,10510518,995
All children in needAbuse or neglect5959,4007010,065
Child’s disability or illness2,765455*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication3,215
Parental disability or illness65525*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication595
Family in acute stress1451,56551,720
Family dysfunction1702,355252,550
Socially unacceptable behaviour25380*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication405
Low income*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication35*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication35
Absent parenting20350*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication370
Adoption disruption*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication40*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication45



Children in need at 31 March by looked after status, category of need and disability, including unborn children

Last update

16 December 2021 16 December 2021

Next update

No longer updated

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Children in need census (CiN) data collection, Welsh Government

Contact email



Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

The Census collected individual records on all children in need, including those looked after by a local authority, who had an open case with a local authority on the 31 March that had been open for the three months from 1 January to 31 March. The purpose of the Census is to collect data that measures the characteristics and attributes of children in need who receive social services from their local authorities, including children looked after by local authorities. The census has focussed particularly on data about the reason that children receive help from social services departments; parental capacity; and on the health and education outcomes for each child.

Data collection and calculation

Anonymised individual child level data is extracted from local authority administrative systems and returned electronically to the Data Collection team within the Welsh Government using an online secure data transfer system called 'AFON'. The AFON system applies an extensive series of validation checks to ensure that the information provided uses the correct codes and is internally consistent.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Data are shown at 31 March for each year from 2010.

Users, uses and context

Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.

Rounding applied

The following measures have been taken to minimise the risk of unwanted disclosure of personal data:
All figures have been rounded to the nearest five. Where there are less than five children in any group, the actual number has been suppressed, and replaced by the symbol *.

Revisions information

Data for 2010 to 2016 were revised on 16 December 2021.

Statistical quality

Please find this information in the related statistical publication, as per the given weblink.


Children; Children in need