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Data Provider: Welsh Government Deprivation at GP cluster level
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Click here to sortCluster populationWelsh residents onlyClick here to sortNumber of patients living in most deprived 20% of WIMDClick here to sortPercentage of patients living in most deprived 20% of WIMDClick here to sortCluster deprivation quintileSee summary information for methodology noteClick here to sortFully qualified GPs FTEClick here to sortNurses FTEClick here to sortDirect patient care FTEClick here to sortAdmin FTE
[Collapse]Wales[Collapse]Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board[Collapse]AngleseyCC10166,1209,70314.67336.5028.0033.1689.27
[Collapse]ArfonCC10267,3697,49411.12337.4919.1732.3569.39
[Collapse]Central & South DenbighshireCC10342,1741,4653.47526.5221.2524.8062.11
[Collapse]Conwy EastCC10452,54710,98120.90326.0517.6511.7258.75
[Collapse]Conwy WestCC10564,1233,7695.88433.5227.1219.0582.27
[Collapse]North East FlintshireCC10662,1598,24713.27325.2323.3311.2469.85
[Collapse]DwyforCC10737,37120.01517.7418.8914.9250.47
[Collapse]North West FlintshireCC10840,6097,53918.56314.4816.5216.4144.03
[Collapse]MeirionnyddCC10919,07800.0059.5211.018.4924.23
[Collapse]South FlintshireCC11052,2021,4602.80528.4917.8819.4257.86
[Collapse]North DenbighshireCC11161,66216,55126.84222.3935.5618.2394.81
[Collapse]South WrexhamCC11246,7994,0948.75425.0222.7623.2365.46
[Collapse]North & West WrexhamCC11336,0603,0248.39413.2912.838.6838.51
[Collapse]Central WrexhamCC11457,6039,85417.11314.6121.3210.8466.59
[Collapse]Powys Teaching Health Board[Collapse]Mid PowysCC70128,6831,3604.74515.7210.8510.8042.47
[Collapse]North PowysCC70264,3645,7758.97435.5635.2147.27114.58
[Collapse]South PowysCC70345,0112,2615.02427.3917.7538.1978.27
[Collapse]Hywel Dda University Health Board[Collapse]Amman/GwendraethCC20161,1452,8604.68523.4725.8610.9686.77
[Collapse]LlanelliCC20262,50414,46023.13228.6323.8418.1371.61
[Collapse]North CeredigionCC20346,12910.00521.5814.0323.4156.43
[Collapse]North PembrokeshireCC20468,0187,60911.19340.6820.4414.5169.81
[Collapse]South CeredigionCC20547,5822,3805.00425.9921.389.5361.35
[Collapse]South PembrokeshireCC20654,5916,92612.69321.6321.4621.1781.75
[Collapse]Taf / TywiCC20759,9101,2212.04540.1118.5320.6175.71
[Collapse]Swansea Bay University Health Board[Collapse]AfanCC30150,79325,67750.55127.5112.1113.3660.03
[Collapse]BayHealthCC30275,2226,1028.11441.8617.077.2773.25
[Collapse]CityHealthCC30654,80725,71846.92127.8314.667.0764.10
[Collapse]CwmtaweCC30742,6809,45622.16315.9617.486.9958.13
[Collapse]LlwchwrCC30849,0754,0708.29425.638.2912.0759.77
[Collapse]NeathCC30956,79119,15333.73225.1411.6412.8366.02
[Collapse]PenderiCC31037,44318,57949.62120.897.844.8747.33
[Collapse]Upper ValleysCC31132,1381,8125.64412.9512.9418.9649.31
[Collapse]Cwm Taf Morgannwg University Health Board[Collapse]Bridgend East NetworkCC30378,7596,7108.52436.2619.9516.4981.21
[Collapse]Bridgend North NetworkCC30447,54216,54934.81229.9211.8817.0153.33
[Collapse]Bridgend West NetworkCC30534,5763,84311.11320.296.557.8139.40
[Collapse]North CynonCC50131,8399,35529.38212.0812.8111.5135.27
[Collapse]North Merthyr TydfilCC50240,49414,96336.95220.707.687.0342.81
[Collapse]North RhonddaCC50338,72315,83840.90121.249.2612.7752.80
[Collapse]North Taf ElyCC50448,1029,84420.46326.829.7713.7846.93
[Collapse]South CynonCC50530,95614,26646.08114.089.216.4535.53
[Collapse]South Merthyr TydfilCC50620,9854,18719.95311.945.353.4323.39
[Collapse]South RhonddaCC50749,68817,75535.73227.9213.3621.0454.48
[Collapse]South Taf ElyCC50848,5732,7755.71423.9012.679.5752.02
[Collapse]Aneurin Bevan University Health Board[Collapse]Blaenau Gwent EastCC60133,40617,05151.04117.289.679.8335.63
[Collapse]Blaenau Gwent WestCC60238,65415,18639.29118.8412.4311.2846.53
[Collapse]Caerphilly EastCC60367,4374,3776.49424.2318.1320.3976.92
[Collapse]Caerphilly NorthCC60463,47923,46036.96126.3219.2317.5381.03
[Collapse]Caerphilly SouthCC60555,99315,04726.87227.3014.249.7666.27
[Collapse]Monmouthshire NorthCC60650,0721,7453.48530.8220.7834.0969.66
[Collapse]Monmouthshire SouthCC60742,26150.01522.7318.5520.0560.58
[Collapse]Newport EastCC60980,70129,45736.50229.5224.6119.6184.08
[Collapse]Newport WestCC61083,88834,46841.09135.5628.0521.8090.84
[Collapse]Torfaen NorthCC61149,12017,62435.88223.5015.218.9661.69
[Collapse]Torfaen SouthCC61248,58312,58925.91220.6715.6112.5760.81
[Collapse]Cardiff and Vale University Health Board[Collapse]Cardiff EastCC41158,30526,57645.58128.8812.6211.0060.50
[Collapse]Cardiff South EastCC41267,33826,08338.73130.7615.047.3163.85
[Collapse]City & Cardiff SouthCC41341,78121,03850.35118.935.004.9542.04
[Collapse]Cardiff NorthCC421105,8343,3093.13548.0623.1513.91109.63
[Collapse]Cardiff South WestCC42274,67633,86145.34136.1717.8113.9980.27
[Collapse]Cardiff WestCC42352,6746,99713.28328.617.835.7759.95
[Collapse]Central ValeCC43166,46216,51124.84230.0422.7614.1786.50
[Collapse]Eastern ValeCC43236,703590.16515.479.485.6541.19
[Collapse]Western ValeCC43330,99420.01513.458.246.8935.27

Metadata

Title

Deprivation at GP cluster level

Last update

26 October 2023 26 October 2023

Next update

To be confirmed

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Contractor Services, NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership

Source 2

Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation, Welsh Government

Source 3

Wales National Workforce Reporting System (WNWRS)

Contact email

stats.healthinfo@gov.wales

Geographical coverage

Local health boards

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence

General description

This shows the number of people registered to GP practices in each primary care cluster in Wales (the cluster population). It also shows the number and percentage of patients registered to practices in the cluster who live in the most deprived 20% of areas according to the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) and the cluster deprivation quintile. Two methods for calculating the practice deprivation quintile are included. In addition, the full time equivalent (FTE) count of staff working in practices in the cluster are provided.

Data collection and calculation

Practice population data is provided by NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership and is a snapshot taken at a single point in time.
The resident lower layer super output areas (LSOAs) of patients registered to each general practice were matched to the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019 to count the number of patients who live in the most deprived 20% of LSOAs as determined by their WIMD ranking. General practice data was aggregated to primary care clusters and rankings were created based on two measures to estimate deprivation at primary care cluster level. These were:
1) The number of patients registered to the general practice within the cluster who live in the most deprived 20% of areas in Wales.
2) The percentage of each cluster population that live in the most deprived 20% of areas in Wales.

In terms of workforce data, the data that most closely aligns with the reference period of the practice population data is used. The workforce data as at 31 December 2021 is linked to each practice in the January 2022 practice population extract. The workforce data as at 31 March 2023 is linked to each practice in the April 2023 practice population extract.

The 2023 practice population data used in the deprivation analysis does not match the published 2023 practice population data. The published data uses the latest 2021 LSOA mappings, however as the deprivation analysis relies on WIMD 2019 which uses 2011 LSOA mappings, the deprivation analysis also needed to match the 2023 practice populations to the 2011 LSOAs and this resulted in a small number of patients not being matched.

January 2022 and April 2023 data:
There were 63 clusters. As 63 is not divisible into a whole number by five, the quintiles do not contain the exact same number of clusters. There are 13 clusters for quintiles 1, 3 and 5 and 12 clusters for the remaining quintiles. Quintiles are used to analyse broadly similar groups of clusters, with cluster quintile 1 containing the 13 clusters with the most deprived populations in Wales.

Frequency of publication

Annual

Data reference periods

WIMD 2019 is used for determining the most deprived 20% of areas in Wales.

Data for practice populations refer to January 2022 and April 2023.

Practice workforce data: The 31 December 2021 workforce data is linked to the January 2022 practice population data. The 31 March 2023 workforce data is linked to the April 2023 practice population data.

Users, uses and context

The purpose of these data are to provide options for analysing the relative deprivation of the population registered to each general practices in each primary care cluster in Wales.
The analysis is extended to show how general practice workforce (full time equivalents) differs by the relative deprivation of the population in Wales.
Determining which measure is most appropriate to use depends on the purpose of what the measure will be used for. It is recommended to use ‘number’ measures when targeting the greatest number of people living in deprived areas, whereas it is more appropriate to use the ‘percentage’ measures when targeting the highest concentration of people living in deprived areas.
While the results at practice and cluster level are broadly similar, the practice level data will provide a more granular analysis of deprivation. Clusters group practices, so while some may broadly serve similar populations, inevitably there will be some practices which have a more deprived population than others, in the same cluster. Clusters analysis may be most appropriate when targeting broader areas, but some more detailed insight may be masked when aggregating data for individual practices.

Revisions information

The January 2022 data for the North Cynon cluster has been revised. The North Cynon cluster changed in the summer of 2018 as some practices moved to the South Cynon cluster. However, this cluster was on the old 2018 basis in the 28 July 2022 publication as the changes were known at a later date.

The January 2022 data for the South Cynon cluster has been revised. The South Cynon cluster changed in the summer of 2018 as some practices moved in from the North Cynon cluster. However, this cluster was on the old 2018 basis in the 28 July 2022 publication as the changes were known at a later date.

The January 2022 data for the Newport East and Newport West clusters have been revised. The Newport North cluster closed in March 2020 and the practices from this cluster moved to Newport East and Newport West. However, in the 28 July 2022 publication, the clusters were on the old pre-March 2020 basis as the changes were known at a later date.

The staff FTE numbers for January 2022 have been revised for the Meirionnydd and Dwyfor clusters.

Statistical quality

The data used in these tables is of good coverage and quality. All GP practices with General Medical Services (GMS) contracts at the time of data extraction are included. Practice population data is available for all practices.
A small percentage of data was not included in the analysis.
As WIMD is a deprivation measure relative to Wales only, English residents could not be included in the model. As we have data collected for Welsh general practices collected on a consistent basis, English practices are not included, and therefore any Welsh residents registered to English practices will not be included. For context, in the April 2023 extract there were 21,393 patients registered to Welsh general practices who resided in England, and there were 13,469 patients registered to English general practices who resided in Wales.
Where a patient resides in England but is registered to a Welsh general practice, they are also removed from that practice’s population list size in this analysis, to not skew the percentage of patients living in deprived areas calculation.
Patients registered to non-GMS practices are also not included in the analysis.
Patients registered to Welsh practices who had missing LSOA data are also excluded from the analysis; there were 108 patients in the January 2022 data and 43 patients in the April 2023 data.

Keywords

Cluster, deprivation quintile, primary care, WIMD, GP workforce