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Data Provider: Welsh Government Deprivation at GP cluster level
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Click here to sortCluster populationWelsh residents onlyClick here to sortNumber of patients living in most deprived 20% of WIMDClick here to sortPercentage of patients living in most deprived 20% of WIMDClick here to sortCluster deprivation quintileSee summary information for methodology noteClick here to sortFully qualified GPs FTEClick here to sortNurses FTEClick here to sortDirect patient care FTEClick here to sortAdmin FTE
[Collapse]Wales[Collapse]Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board[Expand]Anglesey65,8849,74614.79337.5428.3436.2980.66
[Expand]Central & South Denbighshire41,8711,4513.47525.4022.8123.2764.77
[Expand]Conwy East52,76411,01020.87324.8615.1712.1270.17
[Expand]Conwy West63,8943,7185.82432.4224.5419.1076.23
[Expand]North East Flintshire61,8258,22513.30326.9421.118.6767.21
[Expand]North West Flintshire40,3117,56218.76317.3914.3615.6541.58
[Expand]South Flintshire51,6451,4562.82527.0116.2415.3962.69
[Expand]North Denbighshire61,27816,05726.20223.5730.9920.8395.79
[Expand]South Wrexham46,6864,0878.75423.5021.1918.1266.71
[Expand]North & West Wrexham35,4912,9938.43414.749.997.2134.76
[Expand]Central Wrexham57,2429,79817.12317.7217.8811.0766.83
[Collapse]Powys Teaching Health Board[Expand]Mid Powys28,4291,3204.64516.198.997.1138.67
[Expand]North Powys63,9215,7238.95433.1534.4546.43102.51
[Expand]South Powys45,0682,2765.05429.6118.4335.7678.96
[Collapse]Hywel Dda University Health Board[Expand]Amman/Gwendraeth61,0472,8384.65522.9525.0614.9289.87
[Expand]North Ceredigion45,35210.00521.9613.7325.1554.97
[Expand]North Pembrokeshire67,2027,52711.20440.7820.0515.5764.31
[Expand]South Ceredigion47,2102,3574.99424.0620.2813.0756.32
[Expand]South Pembrokeshire54,7046,92012.65322.6526.0623.0380.20
[Expand]Taf / Tywi59,2461,2032.03539.4921.0918.7470.07
[Collapse]Swansea Bay University Health Board[Expand]Afan50,49825,51350.52127.0912.9111.2059.12
[Expand]Upper Valleys31,5341,7995.70416.4214.6117.5951.58
[Collapse]Cwm Taf Morgannwg University Health Board[Expand]Bridgend East Network73,1466,2628.56433.5518.8019.0169.29
[Expand]Bridgend North Network52,21316,89732.36232.1912.7115.0157.35
[Expand]Bridgend West Network34,6103,88211.22322.146.557.8137.18
[Expand]North Cynon41,03313,50732.92215.2411.8712.3342.71
[Expand]North Merthyr Tydfil35,42013,97339.45116.978.364.9539.52
[Expand]North Rhondda34,97814,13340.41120.768.6310.4742.69
[Expand]North Taf Ely46,8599,67420.64324.2811.9414.3641.15
[Expand]South Cynon21,3379,91746.48111.486.073.3725.33
[Expand]South Merthyr Tydfil25,7494,93719.17313.596.684.0328.40
[Expand]South Rhondda53,19019,19236.08229.2712.2517.2863.47
[Expand]South Taf Ely48,4542,7385.65422.8712.858.3947.50
[Collapse]Aneurin Bevan University Health Board[Expand]Blaenau Gwent East32,84316,83351.25118.578.8810.4933.04
[Expand]Blaenau Gwent West38,77715,25639.34120.6312.329.8747.60
[Expand]Caerphilly East67,3754,4176.56425.9218.7317.6170.57
[Expand]Caerphilly North63,41623,30936.76228.1921.0315.6581.47
[Expand]Caerphilly South56,03315,10026.95231.2715.166.8359.36
[Expand]Monmouthshire North49,6051,7273.48528.1919.1328.3066.62
[Expand]Monmouthshire South41,57840.01524.5817.0719.4560.42
[Expand]Newport North59,98313,29922.17325.0620.449.5964.13
[Expand]Newport East49,68522,23044.74119.5313.569.4354.04
[Expand]Newport West51,75026,94052.06123.3621.0414.9258.85
[Expand]Torfaen North49,80517,65035.44227.8116.659.4661.09
[Expand]Torfaen South47,41012,38626.13219.0012.668.3950.02
[Collapse]Cardiff and Vale University Health Board[Expand]Cardiff East57,80226,30745.51130.1912.649.6863.74
[Expand]Cardiff South East65,01025,31838.94229.6214.687.3167.95
[Expand]City & Cardiff South41,94221,36650.94119.026.274.5141.28
[Expand]Cardiff North104,4123,0792.95546.6121.9512.20108.83
[Expand]Cardiff South West73,55233,31145.29139.3719.218.6180.25
[Expand]Cardiff West51,3896,90813.44328.619.735.0058.16
[Expand]Central Vale65,49216,16324.68231.2618.7913.7178.79
[Expand]Eastern Vale37,178660.18516.319.274.0444.46
[Expand]Western Vale30,25910.00514.418.874.2535.02



Deprivation at GP cluster level

Last update

28 July 2022 28 July 2022

Next update

Spring 2023

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Contractor Services, NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership

Source 2

Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation, Welsh Government

Source 3

Wales National Workforce Reporting System (WNWRS)

Contact email

Geographical coverage

Local health boards

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

This shows the number of people registered to GP practices in each primary care cluster in Wales (the cluster population). It also shows the number and percentage of patients registered to practices in the cluster who live in the most deprived 20% of areas according to the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) and the cluster deprivation quintile. Two methods for calculating the practice deprivation quintile are included. In addition, the full time equivalent (FTE) count of staff working in practices in the cluster are provided.

Data collection and calculation

Practice population data is provided by NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership and is a snapshot taken at a single point in time.
The resident lower layer super output areas (LSOAs) of patients registered to each general practice were matched to the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019 to count the number of patients who live in the most deprived 20% of LSOAs as determined by their WIMD ranking. General practice data was aggregated to primary care clusters and rankings were created based on two measures to estimate deprivation at primary care cluster level. These were:
1) The number of patients registered to the general practice within the cluster who live in the most deprived 20% of areas in Wales.
2) The percentage of each cluster population that live in the most deprived 20% of areas in Wales.
A more detailed methodology note can be found in this statistical article.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

WIMD 2019 is used for determining the most deprived 20% of areas in Wales.
Data for practice populations refer to January each year.
Data for practice workforce refer to 31 December each year.

Users, uses and context

The purpose of these data are to provide options for analysing the relative deprivation of the population registered to each general practices in each primary care cluster in Wales.
The analysis is extended to show how general practice workforce (full time equivalents) differs by the relative deprivation of the population in Wales.
Determining which measure is most appropriate to use depends on the purpose of what the measure will be used for. It is recommended to use ‘number’ measures when targeting the greatest number of people living in deprived areas, whereas it is more appropriate to use the ‘percentage’ measures when targeting the highest concentration of people living in deprived areas.
While the results at practice and cluster level are broadly similar, the practice level data will provide a more granular analysis of deprivation. Clusters group practices, so while some may broadly serve similar populations, inevitably there will be some practices which have a more deprived population than others, in the same cluster. Clusters analysis may be most appropriate when targeting broader areas, but some more detailed insight may be masked when aggregating data for individual practices.

Rounding applied



Cluster, deprivation quintile, primary care, WIMD, GP workforce

Statistical quality

The data used in these tables is of good coverage and quality. All GP practices with General Medical Services (GMS) contracts at the time of data extraction are included. Practice population data is available for all practices.
A small percentage of data was not included in the analysis.
As WIMD is a deprivation measure relative to Wales only, English residents could not be included in the model. As we have data collected for Welsh general practices collected on a consistent basis, English practices are not included, and therefore any Welsh residents registered to English practices will not be included. For context, in the 31 December 2021 extract there were 21,335 patients registered to Welsh general practices who resided in England, and there were 13,563 patients registered to English general practices who resided in Wales.
Where a patient resides in England but is registered to a Welsh general practice, they are also removed from that practice’s population list size in this analysis, to not skew the percentage of patients living in deprived areas calculation.
543 patients were registered to non-GMS practices and are also not included in the analysis.
An additional 108 patients registered to Welsh practices had missing LSOA data, therefore they were also excluded from the analysis.
A more detailed methodology note can be found in this statistical article.