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Data Provider: Welsh Government Analysis of population characteristics by area deprivation (Census 2021) - unpaid care provision
Age 1[Filter]
Sex 1[Filter]
Unpaid care provision[Filter]
Deprivation group[Filter]
Click here to sortProvides no unpaid careClick here to sortProvides 19 or less hours unpaid care a weekClick here to sortProvides 20 to 49 hours unpaid care a weekClick here to sortProvides 50 or more hours unpaid care a week
Most deprived 10% of LSOAs in Wales9.46.812.511.9
Most deprived 10-20% of LSOAs in Wales9.
Most deprived 20-30% of LSOAs in Wales9.68.711.011.1
Most deprived 30-50% of LSOAs in Wales19.919.520.420.6
Least deprived 50% of LSOAs in Wales51.356.944.044.7


Statistical quality

Please see the weblinks tab for links to quality information on the 2021 Census and links to quality information and indicator guidance for WIMD 2019. More quality and methodology information can be found in the accompanying statistical bulletin.


Analysis of population characteristics by area deprivation (Census 2021) - UK armed forces veterans

Last update

8 November 2023 8 November 2023

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Children in need census (CiN) data collection, Welsh Government

Source 2

2021 Census, Office for National statistics

Source 3

Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation, Welsh Government

Contact email

Languages covered

English only

General description

This analysis uses Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019 and Census 2021 data to estimate the proportions of population groups living in areas within each WIMD 2019 deprivation grouping. It identifies where people from various groups are most likely to live in terms of small area (Lower Super Output Area or LSOA) relative deprivation and whether this varies across groups.
This analysis presents an overview of how different populations were distributed across Wales at the time of the 2021 Census. It does not take into account the interaction of different characteristics with each other or with deprivation. For example, older age groups have a smaller likelihood of living in the most deprived areas, which may affect populations with different age profiles such as certain ethnic groups, veterans or those in poor health. Results should be interpreted in simple terms of how likely the population was to live in the various deprivation areas of Wales at the time of the 2021 Census, rather than attempting to establish a relationship between specific characteristics and deprivation.

Data collection and calculation

The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas in Wales. WIMD is designed to identify small areas in Wales where there are the highest concentrations of several different types of deprivation. WIMD 2019 is the most recent index and ranks all small areas in Wales from 1 (most deprived) to 1,909 (least deprived). The small areas are otherwise known as Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs). This geography is built from Census 2011 data and represents small areas each with a population of around 1,600 people. The index is calculated from eight types or domains of deprivation, each compiled from a range of different indicators (or measures).
Census 2021 was conducted in Wales and England on 21 March 2021
The estimates in this article have been produced by linking Census 2021 LSOA data from the Office for National Statistics’ create a custom dataset tool to WIMD 2019 LSOA overall deprivation rankings. Due to statistical disclosure control methods employed by the ONS for this tool, percentages for the breakdowns presented in this article may not sum to 100.0%.