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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Summary of economic activity in Wales by year and ethnicity
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Area 2[Filter]
Ethnicity 1
[Collapse]Measure 1
Measure 2
[Collapse]White[Collapse]Black, Asian and minority ethnic
[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic activity rate[Expand]Click here to sortEmployment rate[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic inactivity rate[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic activity rate[Expand]Click here to sortEmployment rate[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic inactivity rate
Year ending 30 Sep 200573.369.826.761.651.138.4
Year ending 30 Sep 200673.569.626.560.454.039.6
Year ending 30 Sep 200773.569.626.560.154.039.9
Year ending 30 Sep 200874.069.826.
Year ending 30 Sep 200973.367.426.769.659.630.4
Year ending 30 Sep 201073.
Year ending 30 Sep 2011..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available
Year ending 30 Sep 201274.067.826.062.553.937.5
Year ending 30 Sep 201375.068.925.063.556.536.5
Year ending 30 Sep 201475.470.124.662.455.637.6
Year ending 30 Sep 201575.570.824.565.659.434.4
Year ending 30 Sep 201675.471.824.661.658.638.4
Year ending 30 Sep 201776.472.723.662.959.437.1
Year ending 30 Sep 201876.873.423.265.558.834.5
Year ending 30 Sep 201977.374.022.768.064.932.0
Year ending 30 Sep 202076.873.923.263.361.736.7
Year ending 30 Sep 202176.173.023.973.868.326.2
Year ending 30 Sep 202276.073.824.073.767.226.3



Annual Population Survey / Local Labour Force Survey summary of economic activity by ethnicity

Last update

16 February 2023 16 February 2023

Next update

April 2023

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Contact email


National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

The data in this dataset relates to the economic activity of persons by ethnicity.

Data collection and calculation

These data are taken from the ANNUAL datasets from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The availability of local authority data is dependent upon on an enhanced sample (around 350 per cent larger) for the annual LFS, which commenced in 2001.

For years labelled 2001 to 2003 in this dataset, the actual periods covered are the 12 months running from March in the year given to February in the following year (e.g. 2001 = 1 March 2001 to 28 February 2002).

The local authority and Wales figures for 2001, 2002 and 2003 in these tables may not be the same as published elsewhere, as the numbers here are estimated using Welsh specific weights. These weights better reflect the population estimates for Welsh local authorities in these years.

Since 2004, the annual data have been produced on a rolling annual basis, updated every three months, and the dataset is now referred to as the Annual Population Survey (APS). The rolling annual averages are on a calendar basis with the first rolling annual average presented here covering the period 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2004, followed by data covering the period 1 April 2004 to 31 March 2005, with rolling quarterly updates applied thereafter.

Note therefore that the consecutive rolling annual averages overlap by nine months, and there is also a two-month overlap between the last period presented on the former March to February basis, and the first period on the new basis.

Nomis is the ONS's official portal for labour market statistics. Note that some estimates from Nomis for the APS may differ slightly from those presented here due to differences in how local authority geographies are constructed.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

2001 to 2022

Rounding applied

Figures are rounded to the nearest hundred and so there may be some apparent slight discrepancies between the sum of constituent items and the totals as shown.


Labour market; Ethnicity

Statistical quality

Annual Population Survey (APS) responses are weighted to official population projections. The projections for 2020 were 2018-based, and, therefore, were based on demographic trends that pre-dated the COVID-19 pandemic.
To allow for different trends during the pandemic the responses for the APS have been reweighted on the 9 September 2021 to new populations derived using growth rates from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) Real Time Information (RTI). The reweighting has been applied from year ending March 2020 data onwards and gives improved estimates of both rates and levels.
The changes ONS have made to the weighting should reduce the bias of estimates at high levels of aggregation. Some smaller breakdowns may be impacted negatively and more extreme changes could be seen given the reduced size of the underlying sample since the start of the pandemic.
As the data come from a survey, the results are sample-based estimates and therefore subject to differing degrees of sampling variability, i.e. the true value for any measure lies in a differing range about the estimated value. This range or sampling variability increases as the detail in the data increases, for example individual local authority data are subject to higher variability than Wales data.