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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Summary of economic activity in Wales by year and ethnicity
[Collapse]Area 1[Filter]
Area 2[Filter]
Ethnicity 1
[Collapse]Measure 1
Measure 2
[Collapse]White[Collapse]Black, Asian and minority ethnic
[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic activity rate[Expand]Click here to sortEmployment rate[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic inactivity rate[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic activity rate[Expand]Click here to sortEmployment rate[Expand]Click here to sortEconomic inactivity rate
Year ending 31 Mar 200573.169.726.963.856.336.2
Year ending 31 Mar 200673.169.526.963.053.437.0
Year ending 31 Mar 200773.669.826.457.351.242.7
Year ending 31 Mar 200873.869.826.
Year ending 31 Mar 200973.768.826.366.658.733.4
Year ending 31 Mar 201072.966.827.169.961.430.1
Year ending 31 Mar 2011............
Year ending 31 Mar 201273.467.226.665.756.334.3
Year ending 31 Mar 201374.568.325.560.853.639.2
Year ending 31 Mar 201475.670.024.466.557.233.5
Year ending 31 Mar 201575.069.925.060.954.739.1
Year ending 31 Mar 201675.871.624.265.560.034.5
Year ending 31 Mar 201775.772.324.359.457.240.6
Year ending 31 Mar 201877.173.422.965.460.534.6
Year ending 31 Mar 201977.073.623.070.465.829.6
Year ending 31 Mar 202077.374.322.766.763.533.3


Annual Population Survey / Local Labour Force Survey summary of economic activity by ethnicity

Last update
25 June 2020 25 June 2020

Next update
September 2020

Publishing organisation
Welsh Government

Source 1
Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Contact email

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation
Local authorities

Geographical coverage

Languages covered
English and Welsh

Data licensing
You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description
The data in this dataset relates to the economic activity of persons by ethnicity.

Data collection and calculation
These data are taken from the ANNUAL datasets from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The availability of local authority data is dependent upon on an enhanced sample (around 350 per cent larger) for the annual LFS, which commenced in 2001.

For years labelled 2001 to 2003 in this dataset, the actual periods covered are the 12 months running from March in the year given to February in the following year (e.g. 2001 = 1 March 2001 to 28 February 2002).

The local authority and Wales figures for 2001, 2002 and 2003 in these tables may not be the same as published elsewhere, as the numbers here are estimated using Welsh specific weights. These weights better reflect the population estimates for Welsh local authorities in these years.

Since 2004, the annual data have been produced on a rolling annual basis, updated every three months, and the dataset is now referred to as the Annual Population Survey (APS). The rolling annual averages are on a calendar basis with the first rolling annual average presented here covering the period 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2004, followed by data covering the period 1 April 2004 to 31 March 2005, with rolling quarterly updates applied thereafter.

Note therefore that the consecutive rolling annual averages overlap by nine months, and there is also a two-month overlap between the last period presented on the former March to February basis, and the first period on the new basis.

Nomis is the ONS's official portal for labour market statistics. Note that some estimates from Nomis for the APS may differ slightly from those presented here due to differences in how local authority geographies are constructed.

Frequency of publication

Data reference periods
2001 to 2020

Rounding applied
Figures are rounded to the nearest hundred and so there may be some apparent slight discrepancies between the sum of constituent items and the totals as shown.

Statistical quality
The survey asks respondents what they consider to be their ethnic origin. As the data come from a survey, the results are sample-based estimates and therefore subject to differing degrees of sampling variability, i.e. the true value for any measure lies in a differing range about the estimated value. This range or sampling variability increases as the detail in the data increases, for example individual local authority data are subject to higher variability than Wales data.

Note: Data for 2011 Q1-3 removed due to change in questions resulting in discontinuity in the series.

Labour market; Ethnicity