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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics First language of pupils aged 5 and over by language and year
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Click here to sort2012/13Click here to sort2013/14Click here to sort2014/15Click here to sort2015/16Click here to sort2016/17Click here to sort2017/18Click here to sort2018/19Click here to sort2019/20Whilst most of the usual data validation processes on the 2020 school census data have taken place, due to the coronavirus pandemic, the data did not undergo the usual final validation process. As part of the Welsh Local Government Finance Settlement, the data is usually returned to local authorities for final validation. Typically, overall numbers of pupils and teachers will not change significantly during this period, with the most likely change being in the characteristics of the pupils themselves e.g. free school meal entitlement. Users should therefore be more cautious when comparing data on characteristics of pupils and staff over time, in particular where small cohorts are involved.Click here to sort2020/21The schools census would usually take place in January. School closures between December 2020 and March 2021 due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic meant that the census date was delayed to 20 April 2021. The number of pupils was higher in April 2021 partly due to the later census date which meant that more pupils had entered nursery classes by the census date.Click here to sort2021/22The schools census would usually take place in January. Due to the level of coronavirus (COVID-19) cases in January 2022, the census date was delayed to 15 February 2022.
English and/or Welsh368,910368,203367,166366,155366,610367,853369,275369,988372,186372,426
Acholi*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Adangme.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable
Afar-Saho.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Afrikaans30353037334747495384
Akan/Twi-Fante21293242445057575765
Albanian/Shqip222836608192102116117133
Alur.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Amharic6101327405159687997
Arabic1,9082,1642,3842,6062,8923,0753,2063,4843,6133,783
Armenian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Assamese.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Assyrian/Aramaic.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5
Anyi-Baule.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Aymara.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Azeri*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Bamileke (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Balochi*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.86.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Beja/Bedawi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Belarusian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5
Bemba10192017141317141314
Bhojpuri.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Bikol.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Bislama.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Balti Tibetan.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Burmese/Myanma1110789121011137
Bengali2,6932,8432,8462,9382,9683,0163,0223,0193,0613,035
British Sign Language14212122242225282623
Basque/Euskara.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.66*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Bulgarian5881115150199253317370395407
Cambodian/Khmer.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Catalan8108991012151111
Caribbean Creole English131491011109966
Caribbean Creole French*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.66*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Chaga.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Chattisgarhi/Khatahi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Chechen*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Chinese7738891,0091,1171,2431,3601,4181,4661,5181,605
Chokwe*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Cornish.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Chitrali/Khowar.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Chichewa/Nyanja*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.7912910121110
Czech509616598566537575589578537533
Danish20252217161511131514
Dagaare.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Dagbane.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Dinka/Jieng.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Dutch/Flemish809510010611010310310711097
Dzongkha/Bhutanese.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Ebira14161430252425141215
Edo/Bini*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.71114121619192026
Efik-Ibibio991115141211131317
Esan/Ishan791012121015211823
Estonian567781213121415
Ewe*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.6555*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Ewondo.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Fang.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Fijian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.7111416158811
Finnish881911152226333235
Fon.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
French292315328374351369355372396381
Fula/Fulfulde-Pulaar771512201920161816
Ga.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Gaelic/Irish*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.565713776
Gaelic (Scotland).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Georgian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5565*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.7
German165172206189183186172158171166
Gogo/Chigogo.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kikuyu/Gikuyu*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.555*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Galician/Galego.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Greek63749291113128151156154163
Guarani*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Gujarati141139151153153160160160166161
Gurenne/Frafra.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Gurma.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Hausa11101615192124212224
Hindko130131131136141133133122118107
Hebrew12152024302425271915
Herero.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Hungarian100107133174213249271298343357
Hindi138157158161184193215227255260
Iban.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Idoma.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Igala*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Igbo15171723394443565987
Ijo (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Ilokano*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.7775*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Itsekiri.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5
Icelandic*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.87596*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Italian131149162208262303346340369351
Javanese.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Jinghpaw/Kachin.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Japanese46515470676150515047
Kikamba.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kannada14161925273334353230
Karen (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kashmiri.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Kanuri*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Kazakh.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Katchi.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kirghiz/Kyrgyz.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Khasi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Kihaya/Luziba.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kinyarwanda*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.55
Kirundi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kisi (West Africa)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Kalenjin.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kimbundu.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kimeru.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Konkani*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.8810101315
Kinyakyusa-Ngonde.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kikongo.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Korean79838187847876626861
Kpelle.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Krio8101512131211101112
Kru (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kisii/Ekegusii (Kenya).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kisukuma.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Kurdish152166188219298371466544625738
Lao.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Luba.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Luganda591213162422212124
Lugbara.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Lugisu/Lumasaba.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Lingala42495353555855566155
Lithuanian181225266289314356392403392394
Lango (Uganda).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.55
Lozi/Silozi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Lusoga.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Latvian6371919498106104120131119
Luxemburgish.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Luvale/Luena.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Lunda.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Luo (Kenya/Tanzania).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Luhya (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Magahi.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Maithili.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Makua.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Manding/Mandekan13232428353543464150
Maori.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Marathi18192217151719212527
Maasai*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Maldivian/Dhivehi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Mende.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Macedonian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.66
Malagasy*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Malayalam451556627693734724742744793936
Maltese2117201716161313128
Malay/Indonesian88756358627157504958
Magindanao-Maranao.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Mongolian (Khalkha)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Manx Gaelic.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Moore/Mossi.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Mauritian/Seychelles Creole*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Munda (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Maya (Any)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Nahuatl/Mexicano.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Nama/Damara.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Nubian (Any).The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Ndebele23223235323133282632
Nepali188174152143135124130124118113
Norwegian32404124262217201617
Nuer/Naadh.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Nupe.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Newari*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Nzema.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Ambo/Oshiwambo.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Ogoni (Any)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Oriya*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.55965*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Oromo*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.68557
Other Language1,248936747634504390406388376367
Pangasinan*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Pampangan.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Pashto/Pakhto315323351357374377366363365404
Pahari/Himachali (India)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Pahari (Pakistan)13131214142220191926
Panjabi1,2561,2801,2791,3111,2641,2691,2681,2421,1831,122
Polish2,3252,8473,4213,9614,3504,6724,8554,9615,0815,133
Portuguese552654682752796808834846874823
Persian/Farsi167187195216248280285310330385
Quechua.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Rajasthani/Marwari.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Romany/English Romanes9*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Romani (International)2932448485119130131115105
Romanian2212803785577218489851,0911,1471,247
Romansch.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Runyakitara.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Russian162193204212230247272294314340
Samoan*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian33292835293438393831
Scots*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Shilluk/Cholo.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Shona121130118126119119119117125138
Sidamo.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Sign Language (Other)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5555*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Slovak266310351330321281304323327354
Slovenian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.897685*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.9
Sindhi*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.89111111111011
Sango.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Sinhala41575549657483100100163
Somali1,0111,0211,0381,0491,005967910852801722
Spanish234275302348384416410465508529
Sardinian.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Siraiki.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Sotho/Sesotho*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.55*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Swazi/Siswati*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Tswana/Setswana*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.6*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.666
Swahili/Kiswahili55556665728382767580
Swedish42414232292933313033
Tamil181233271309318356388434500522
Telugu3650546071727987105110
Temne*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Teso/Ateso.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Tigre*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5679
Tagalog/Filipino9451,0311,0041,006974932882830771698
Tigrinya454856748386102115122133
Thai166186190213217225219207216195
Tibetan*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.55656611
Tiv.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.66
Berber/Tamazight*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.66*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.65556
Tonga/Chitonga (Zambia)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Tongan (Oceania).The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.6*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Tok Pisin*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Traveller Irish/Shelta.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Tsonga.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Turkmen.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Tulu.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Tumbuka.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Turkish269327371392433484557648738808
Ukrainian*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.61112161919212327
Umbundu*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Urdu1,1291,2241,2941,3381,3801,3911,4741,5081,6201,651
Urhobo-Isoko*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.6*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.7
Uyghur.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Uzbek*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Venda.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Vietnamese41536871888592112127141
Visayan/Bisaya6121213121111141715
Wa-Paraok (South-East Asia)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
West-African Creole Portuguese.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Wolof13172222303436333439
West-African Pidgin English778*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.555677
Xhosa1296655*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.5*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Yao/Chiyao (East Africa)*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Yiddish.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.*Numbers greater than zero but less than five.
Yoruba444856597890108118142194
Zande.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable*Numbers greater than zero but less than five..The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable
Zulu18131715171812121114
Refused449271223182153139145135156195
Classification Pending3,3802,1621,4981,3361,013720452328222170

Metadata

Title

First language of pupils aged 5 and over by language and year

Last update

31/08/2022 31/08/2022

Next update

July 2023 (provisional)

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC), Welsh Government

Contact email

school.stats@gov.wales

Designation

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Wales

Geographical coverage

Wales

Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence

General description

See other items

Data collection and calculation

Schools’ data are derived from the Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC) returns and STATS 1 returns supplied by schools open on Census day in January each year. The returns are authorised by headteachers and validated by Local Authorities.

Frequency of publication

Annual

Data reference periods

From 2003/04 or more recently if the data item is not available for earlier years.

Rounding applied

None.

Statistical quality

School Census returns are authorised by headteachers and validated by Local Authorities.

Whilst most of the usual data validation processes on the 2020 school census data have taken place, due to the coronavirus pandemic, the data did not undergo the usual final validation process. As part of the Welsh Local Government Finance Settlement, the data is usually returned to local authorities for final validation. Typically, overall numbers of pupils and teachers will not change significantly during this period, with the most likely change being in the characteristics of the pupils themselves e.g. free school meal entitlement. Users should therefore be more cautious when comparing data on characteristics of pupils and staff over time, in particular where small cohorts are involved.