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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Highest qualification levels of working age adults by economic activity and qualification
Gender 1[Filter]
[Collapse]Econ Activity[Filter]
Econ Activity 1
Click here to sortAll personsClick here to sortNo qualificationsClick here to sortQualified to NQF level 2 or aboveClick here to sortQualified to NQF level 3 or aboveClick here to sortQualified to NQF level 4 or above
[Collapse]In employmentIn employment453.5263.0486.1500.1508.6
[Collapse]Not in employment (ILO unemployed or inactive)146.5337.0113.999.991.4
Not in employment (ILO unemployed or inactive)ILO unemployed21.332.018.015.613.5
Economically inactive125.1305.096.084.577.9


Levels of highest qualifications held by working age adults by economic activity and gender

Last update
April 2020 April 2020

Next update
April 2021 (provisional)

Publishing organisation
Welsh Government

Source 1
Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Contact email

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Geographical coverage

Languages covered
English only

Data licensing
You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description
Data are presented for working age adults i.e. on basis of males and females aged 18-64 – according to their age at the start of the academic year. Note that data for working age adults, on the basis of males and females aged 18-64, are only available from 2008 onwards.


Data collection and calculation
Source: Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

The data are based on the results of the Annual Population Survey for 2008 onwards, a household survey carried out by the Office for National Statistics.

The survey asks respondents for the highest qualification that they hold. The highest qualifications are subsequently grouped into National Qualification Framework (NQF) levels. Figures are provided for those obtaining qualifications at least at a certain level, and qualifications up to and including a certain level.

Data have previously been presented as NVQ equivalencies. From September 2004, the National Qualification Framework (NQF) was expanded and the former levels 4 and 5 were divided into more precise levels (4-8). Data are now presented according to this classification.

Frequency of publication

Data reference periods
Since 2004, the annual data have been produced on a rolling annual basis, updated every three months. The rolling annual averages are on a calendar basis with the first rolling annual average presented here covering the period 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2008.

Users, uses and context
The statistics are used within the Welsh Government to monitor trends in qualification levels and specifically are included within the Skills Performance measures and the Tackling Poverty Action Plan.

Rounding applied
Percentages are rounded to one decimal place.

Revisions information
Since the previous publication, the Annual Population Survey data back to 2012 had been reweighted, and this StatsWales cube has been updated with these new data. The reweighted data has made a slight change to data from 2012.

Statistical quality
As the data come from a survey, the results are sample-based estimates and therefore subject to differing degrees of sampling variability, i.e. the true value for any measure lies in a differing range about the estimated value. This range or sampling variability increases as the detail in the data increases; for example local authority data are subject to higher variability than regional data.