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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Learning activities by medium of delivery and Welsh fluency in further education, excluding work based learning
Academic yearAcademic years run from 1 August of the initial year to 31 July of the following year. [Filtered]
[Collapse]Age GroupThis dimension gives the age of the learner at 31 August of the academic year. [Filtered]
Age Group 1[Filter]
[Collapse]Sector subject areaThis dimension gives the sector subject area (SSA) of the learning activity. These SSAs are derived from the LearnDirect Classification System, and are the QCA defined learning areas with some amendments to be consistent with Estyn statistics. [Filtered]
Sector subject area 1[Filter]
[Collapse]Provider 1[Filter]
Provider 2[Filter]
[Collapse]Welsh speakerWhether the student identifies themselves as a Welsh speaker.[Filter]
Welsh speaker 1
Medium of delivery[Filter]
[Collapse]TotalClick here to sortTotal
Click here to sortFluent Welsh speakerCan participate normally in Welsh conversations <br />between other students and with adults, but not necessarily using<br />specialised vocabulary and complicated grammar.Click here to sortWelsh speaker not fluentUnable to participate normally in Welsh <br />conversations between other students and with adults. Can converse <br />only using basic vocabulary, perhaps in specific situations such as an <br />oral assessment.Click here to sortNot Welsh speakerUnderstands very little or none of the language <br />when spoken normally. Unlikely to have studied Welsh in school to <br />examination level.Click here to sortNot Known/Not Required
English OnlyLearning and assessment in English only.28,80059,715436,375.The data item is not applicable524,885
Small amount of Welsh-medium learningA small amount of Welsh-medium learning e.g. use of Welsh limited to verbal communication or to a minor part of the learning activity. English only assessment.6,0156,75521,995.The data item is not applicable34,765
Significant amount of Welsh-medium learningA significant amount of Welsh-medium learning e.g. both verbal and written Welsh used in many, but not all, parts of the learning activity. Assessment mainly in English but some may also be in Welsh.3,0351,400825.The data item is not applicable5,260
BilingualLearning completed in a bilingual context and at least 50 percent of the available assessments within the learning activity completed through the medium of Welsh.12,3553,2201,320.The data item is not applicable16,895
Welsh OnlyLearning completed in a Welsh-medium context and all of the available assessments within the learning activity completed through the medium of Welsh.355*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication1,320.The data item is not applicable1,805
Welsh Language Learning UnitThese are language units aimed solely at teaching or improving Welsh and are not contextualised to the learner\'s wider studies. This category is reported separately from 2018/19.2603505,285.The data item is not applicable5,895
TOTAL50,82071,565467,120.The data item is not applicable589,510



Learning activities by medium of delivery and provider type in further education, excluding work based learning

Last update

24 February 2022 24 February 2022

Next update

February 2023

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Lifelong Learning Wales Record, Welsh Government

Contact email


National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English only

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

Weblinks - Further education, work-based learning and community learning statistics: an annual publication which this table provides part of a digital alternative with improved interactivity. Previous publications of this release provide data for the academic years 2006/07 - 2011/12, and there are no current plans to update this table to include data previous to 2012/13. - A second report which provides data on learning activities at further education institutions. Learning activity numbers in this report can be broken down by credit level, sector subject area and medium of delivery.


Lifelong Learning Wales Record LLWR Post 16 P16 Welsh Medium

General description

This table provides the number of learning activities at further education (FE) institutions in Wales. The data excludes work-based learning provision.

Data collection and calculation

From 2016/17 onwards all data in the table is calculated using the month 5 freeze of the Lifelong Learning Wales Record (LLWR). This freeze is produced close to the end of the December after the academic year in question finishes. For example, the freeze containing the 2016/17 data was taken close to the end of December 2017.
Prior to 2016/17 data in the table was calculated using the month 7 freeze of the Lifelong Learning Wales Record (LLWR). This freeze was produced close to the end of the February after the academic year in question finishes. For example, the freeze containing the 2015/16 data was taken close to the end of February 2017.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Data in the table is presented on an academic year basis, which runs from 1st August - 31st July.

Users, uses and context

The data in this table are used both within and outside the Welsh Government to monitor educational trends and as a baseline for further analysis of the underlying data. Some of the key users are:

Ministers and the Members Research Service in the National Assembly for Wales
Officials in the Welsh Government
Other government departments
Further Education Institutions, Work-Based Learning providers and local authorities
Estyn, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Education and Training in Wales
Students, researchers, and academics
Individual citizens, private companies, and the media

These statistics are used in a variety of ways. Some examples of these are:

General background and research
Inclusion in reports and briefings
Advice to Ministers
Informing and evaluating the education policy-making process in Wales

LLWR data are used to underpin funding and performance reports for learning providers, to calculate NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) figures and in student finance modelling.

Rounding applied

All figures in the table have been rounded to the closest multiple of 5. All non-zero values less than 5 have been suppressed and are denoted by an asterisk (*).

Statistical quality

Statisticians within the Welsh Government review the data and query any anomalies with the LLWR data collection team and, where relevant, with learning providers before tables are published.

There is a data quality issue in some cases, as some learners have been recorded as being unable to speak Welsh but are shown as undertaking learning activities through the medium of Welsh.

The LLWR data underlying this table are intended to be final, for non-funding purposes.