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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Working age adults in relative income poverty by tenure type
YearEstimates for periods which span the financial year ending (FYE) 2021 do not include the data collected during FYE 2021 in calculations. For the latest two periods shown, estimates formerly calculated as 3 to 5 year rolling averages are based on 2 to 4 year rolling averages that omit the FYE 2021 survey data. [Filter]
Indicator 1
Click here to sortFYE 2008 to FYE 2010Click here to sortFYE 2009 to FYE 2011Click here to sortFYE 2010 to FYE 2012Click here to sortFYE 2011 to FYE 2013Click here to sortFYE 2012 to FYE 2014Click here to sortFYE 2013 to FYE 2015Click here to sortFYE 2014 to FYE 2016Click here to sortFYE 2015 to FYE 2017Click here to sortFYE 2016 to FYE 2018Click here to sortFYE 2017 to FYE 2019Click here to sortFYE 2018 to FYE 2020Click here to sortFYE 2019 to FYE 2021Click here to sortFYE 2020 to FYE 2022Click here to sortFYE 2021 to FYE 2023
[Collapse]All households402392412444412412423443443422432443401401
All householdsSocial Rented172182193193183169179192214202179168168186
Private Rented140151152174162171172170171158167166140128
Owner Occupied162151152162152152152152141151162184162162



Households Below Average Income

Last update

March 2024 March 2024

Next update


Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Households Below Average Income, Family Resources Survey, Department for Work and Pensions

Contact email


National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation


Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

This table presents data on all working-age adults living in households that have a household income below 60 per cent of the UK median household income after housing costs are paid.

Data collection and calculation

The data is based on Welsh Government analysis of datasets provided by the Department of Work and Pensions Households Below Average Income Team

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Figures shown are multi-year moving averages, as indicated.

Users, uses and context

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Rounding applied

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Revisions information

A minor methodological revision has been made to the HBAI data series by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to capture all income from child maintenance. This results in more income from child maintenance being included, in turn slightly increasing some household incomes and so tending to slightly reduce low income rates for families with children. The full back series (back to FYE 1995) has been revised so that comparisons over time are on a consistent basis across the full time series. In terms of the impact of these revisions, in most cases the percentages of people in low income are unchanged rounded to the nearest percentage point.


Social Inclusion; HBAI; Income; Poverty

Statistical quality

Note 1. FYE 2021 estimates are unreliable as they are based on data collected during the first year of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, when lockdown rules severely disrupted the data collection.

Note 2: Data collection during the financial year ending (FYE) 2022 was via telephone interviewing as opposed to the established face to face method used prior to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Although we have assessed the FYE 2022 data quality to be robust enough for publication, there remains some residual bias in the survey sample resulting from the change in survey mode. More information on data quality is available in the DWP technical report which accompanies the release of the FYE 2022 statistics.

Note 3: The survey asks respondents what they consider to be their ethnic origin. Individuals have been classified according to the ethnic group of the household reference person which means that information about households of multiple ethnicities is lost. Sampled numbers within smaller ethnic minority groups in Wales are small, and for this reason it is necessary to group some into an overarching "Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Group" category, and to present analysis as five-year averages. The White category includes White – Welsh/English/Scottish/Northern Ireland/British and any other White background including Gypsy and Irish Travellers.

Note 4: Disabled people are identified as those who report any physical or mental health condition(s) or illness(es) that last or are expected to last 12 months or more, and which limit their ability to carry out day-to-day activities a little, or a lot. This is in line with Equality Act definition. The means of identifying people with a disability has changed over time, and data before financial year ending 2013 are not comparable with current data.

Note 5: Some pensioners live as a couple with a partner of working age and therefore the age of the head of household will be under 65.

Note 6: The pensioner couple category will include some working age adults who live as a couple with a partner of pension age.

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