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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Percentage of all individuals, children, working-age adults and pensioners living in relative income poverty for the UK, UK countries and regions of England between 1994-95 to 1996-97 and 2015-16 to 2017-18 (3 year averages of financial years)
[Collapse]Area 1
Area 2
Click here to sort1994-95 to 1996-97Click here to sort1995-96 to 1997-98Click here to sort1996-97 to 1998-99Click here to sort1997-98 to 1999-00Click here to sort1998-99 to 2000-01Click here to sort1999-00 to 2001-02Click here to sort2000-01 to 2002-03Click here to sort2001-02 to 2003-04Click here to sort2002-03 to 2004-05Click here to sort2003-04 to 2005-06Click here to sort2004-05 to 2006-07Click here to sort2005-06 to 2007-08Click here to sort2006-07 to 2008-09Click here to sort2007-08 to 2009-10Click here to sort2008-09 to 2010-11Click here to sort2009-10 to 2011-12Click here to sort2010-11 to 2012-13Click here to sort2011-12 to 2013-14Click here to sort2012-13 to 2014-15Click here to sort2013-14 to 2015-16Click here to sort2014-15 to 2016-17Click here to sort2015-16 to 2017-18
All individuals[Collapse]United Kingdom25252524242323222121212222222221212121212222
United Kingdom[Expand]Wales27272726252525242322222423232223232323232424
[Expand]Scotland(r) 23232323242423222120191919191818181818191920
[Expand]Northern Ireland........202020201921(r) 2121202121202018
EnglandNorth East29303030292726242423232425242222212222222324
North West2626272726252423222223242423232322(r) 2222222323
Yorkshire and the Humber26262727262524242222222323232423222122222222
East Midlands23232323232223222221222222222120202020212121
West Midlands24242423242425242323232425252524232323242424
East of England22212120191918181818181920201918181818191920
London(r) 29303029282827262727272729292928282727272828
South East20201919191818181717181919181717181818181819
South West2424242423222121191919(r) 1920202020191819191919
Children[Collapse]United Kingdom33333433(r) 333130302929303131(r) 302928272728293030
United Kingdom[Expand]Wales36373636353434313129303332333133(r) 323129302829
[Expand]Northern Ireland........2627252625272626242525262624
[Collapse]England33333433(r) 323130302929303132313028282829293031
EnglandNorth East373840403935(r) 35(r) 33(r) 3432(r) 33(r) 33(r) 34333128282626283335
North West3636393837353332303131(r) 3333333131303029303232
Yorkshire and the Humber35(r) 343636353331313030303132(r) 323230292828293030
East Midlands31303030302929282827283029292525(r) 23(r) 2426292928
West Midlands3334(r) 33333434343231323335(r) 35363432292930333434
East of England29272827262423232324242526262524232425252627
London414242424140(r) 3838394040404039383737(r) 3837373737
South East2726(r) 252524242322222225262624(r) 2222222325252625
South West313132313029(r) 2728262625(r) 2626262625(r) 242426262525
Working-age adults[Collapse]United Kingdom20202020191919191919202021212121212121212121
United Kingdom[Expand]Wales2424232222222222212121232222(r) 2222242222232423
[Expand]Northern Ireland........181817181718192120(r) 2121201917
EnglandNorth East2525252625232221(r) 21212223232422(r) 23222323232423
North West(r) 21222222222120201920212222222323222222222222
Yorkshire and the Humber22212122212120212020202121222323232222222221
East Midlands19191918181819191919202021212121202121212020
West Midlands1919(r) 1818191920202020222323242423232323232222
East of England171616151514141516161717(r) 18191818171817181819
South East16151515151515151515161717171617171817171718
South West20191919191918181717171819192020191918191818
Pensioners[Collapse]United Kingdom28292928272625232018171817161514141314141516
United Kingdom[Expand]Wales26(r) 26262624242322191818181817151414(r) 1517182019
[Expand]Scotland31(r) 302928272625232017161514131212121212121315
[Expand]Northern Ireland........(r) 1919191920191816151514141313
[Collapse]England28292929282725232118(r) 181818161514141314141516
EnglandNorth East3333323131282722191617181817141210(r) 1113141415
North West28282928272525232119(r) 191817151413121212141416
Yorkshire and the Humber30313232312926231917171819(r) 171716141312141617
East Midlands27293030292827(r) 25222020(r) 2119181514131213131413
West Midlands(r) 28282928282728262319181715151515141414161617
East of England29282928282625232117161617161513131413131314
London30313132303027(r) 262321212223212018191818192124
South East26262626242423221916151615151414141414131314
South West27292828262524221916161717151514121213141415


Households Below Average Income

Last update
March 2019 March 2019

Next update

Publishing organisation
Welsh Government

Source 1
Households Below Average Income, Family Resources Survey, Department for Work and Pensions

Contact email

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Geographical coverage
UK regions

Languages covered
English and Welsh

Data licensing
You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description
This table presents data on all people, children, working-age adults and pensioners living in households that have a household income below 60 per cent of the UK median household income before and after housing costs are paid.

Data collection and calculation
The data was provided by the Department of Work and Pensions Households Below Average Income Team

Frequency of publication

Data reference periods
Figures shown are 3 year moving averages. Figures cover Great Britain to 2000-01 to 2003-04 and the United Kingdom from 2002-03 to 2004-05.

Users, uses and context
See the link on the Weblinks tab

Rounding applied
See the link on the Weblinks tab

Revisions information
These figures were revised on 28 June 2016 due to a change in the method used to adjust household income figures for inflation. The new method uses the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) in place of the Retail Prices Index (RPI). Where this led to a change to the rounded figure is marked accordingly.

Statistical quality
See the link on the Weblinks tab

Social Inclusion; HBAI; Income; Poverty