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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Percentage of all individuals, children, working-age adults and pensioners living in relative income poverty for countries and regions in the UK between financial year ending (FYE) 1995 and FYE 2022 (averages of 3 financial years)
YearEstimates for periods which span the financial year ending (FYE) 2021 do not include the data collected during FYE 2021 in calculations. For the latest two periods shown, estimates formerly calculated as 3 to 5 year rolling averages are based on 2 to 4 year rolling averages that omit the FYE 2021 survey data.[Filtered]
Click here to sortFYE 2000 to FYE 2002Click here to sortFYE 2001 to FYE 2003Click here to sortFYE 2002 to FYE 2004Click here to sortFYE 2003 to FYE 2005Click here to sortFYE 2004 to FYE 2006Click here to sortFYE 2005 to FYE 2007Click here to sortFYE 2006 to FYE 2008Click here to sortFYE 2007 to FYE 2009Click here to sortFYE 2008 to FYE 2010Click here to sortFYE 2009 to FYE 2011Click here to sortFYE 2010 to FYE 2012Click here to sortFYE 2011 to FYE 2013Click here to sortFYE 2012 to FYE 2014Click here to sortFYE 2013 to FYE 2015Click here to sortFYE 2014 to FYE 2016Click here to sortFYE 2015 to FYE 2017Click here to sortFYE 2016 to FYE 2018Click here to sortFYE 2017 to FYE 2019Click here to sortFYE 2018 to FYE 2020Click here to sortFYE 2019 to FYE 2021Click here to sortFYE 2020 to FYE 2022
[Collapse]All individualsPercentage of all individuals living in households with an income below 60 per cent of the median household income for the UKUnited Kingdom232322212121222222222121212121222222222222
Northern Ireland.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable202020201921212120212120201819181816
North East272624242323242524222121222222232424252625
North West252423222223242423232322222222232322222123
Yorkshire and the Humber252423222222232323242322212222222224242523
East Midlands222322222122222222212019202021212119202023
West Midlands242524232323242525252323232324242424252527
East of England181818181818192020191818181818191919191818
South East181818171718191918171718181818181919191919
South West222121191919192020202019181819191919191919
[Collapse]ChildrenPercentage of children living in households with an income below 60 per cent of the median household income for the UKUnited Kingdom313029292929303130292827272828293030303030
Northern Ireland.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable262725252527262624252526262425242522
North East343533343233333433312728262628323434374035
North West343332303131343333313130302930313231313034
Yorkshire and the Humber333131303030313232323029272829303031333631
East Midlands292928272728302929252523242528292825272733
West Midlands343432313132353536343129293033343434353538
East of England242323232324252626252323232425262727262524
South East242322222225252624222222232424262525242425
South West292727262525262626252424242625242525262627
[Collapse]Working-age adultsPercentage of working-age adults living in households with an income below 60 per cent of the median household income for the UKUnited Kingdom191919191920202121212121212121212121212120
Northern Ireland.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable181817171718192120212120191718171715
North East232221212122232324222222232323242323242524
North West212020192021222222232322222222222221201920
Yorkshire and the Humber212021202020212122232323222222222123232522
East Midlands181919191920202121222120212021202018191921
West Midlands192020202022232324242323232323222222232425
East of England141415161617171819181817171718181918181716
South East151515151516171717161718181717171819181817
South West191817171717181919202019191818181819191918
[Collapse]PensionersPercentage of pensioners living in households with an income below 60 per cent of the median household income for the UKUnited Kingdom262523211817181716151414131414151616171718
Northern Ireland.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable.The data item is not applicable201919192019181615151414131312121215
North East292722191617181817141210111314141514161619
North West252523211919181715141312121214141616181918
Yorkshire and the Humber292623191717181917171614131314161717171619
East Midlands282725222120211918151413121313141314151718
West Midlands282826231918171615151514141416161717181818
East of England262523211716161816151313141313131414151417
South East242322191615161615141414141413131414161618
South West252422191616171715151412121314141515151515



Households Below Average Income

Last update

March 2023 March 2023

Next update


Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Households Below Average Income, Family Resources Survey, Department for Work and Pensions

Contact email


National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation


Geographical coverage

UK regions

Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

This table presents data on all people, children, working-age adults and pensioners living in households that have a household income below 60 per cent of the UK median household income before and after housing costs are paid.

Data collection and calculation

The data was provided by the Department of Work and Pensions Households Below Average Income Team

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Figures shown are 3 year moving averages. Figures cover Great Britain to FYE 2001 to FYE 2004 and the United Kingdom from FYE 2003 to FYE 2005.

Users, uses and context

See the link on the Weblinks tab

Rounding applied

See the link on the Weblinks tab

Revisions information

For the FYE 2020 publication, a minor methodological revision was made to the HBAI data series by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to capture all income from child maintenance. This resulted in more income from child maintenance being included, in turn slightly increasing some household incomes and so tending to slightly reduce low income rates for families with children. The full back series (back to FYE 1995) was revised so that comparisons over time are on a consistent basis across the full time series. In terms of the impact of these revisions, in most cases the percentages of people in low income were unchanged rounded to the nearest percentage point.

Statistical quality

Note 1. FYE 2021 estimates are unreliable as they are based on data collected during the first year of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, when lockdown rules severely disrupted the data collection.

Note 2: Data collection during the financial year ending (FYE) 2022 was via telephone interviewing as opposed to the established face to face method used prior to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Although we have assessed the FYE 2022 data quality to be robust enough for publication, there remains some residual bias in the survey sample resulting from the change in survey mode. More information on data quality is available in the DWP technical report which accompanies the release of the FYE 2022 statistics.

Note 3: The survey asks respondents what they consider to be their ethnic origin. Individuals have been classified according to the ethnic group of the household reference person which means that information about households of multiple ethnicities is lost. Sampled numbers within smaller ethnic minority groups in Wales are small, and for this reason it is necessary to group some into an overarching "Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Group" category, and to present analysis as five-year averages. The White category includes White – Welsh/English/Scottish/Northern Ireland/British and any other White background including Gypsy and Irish Travellers.

Note 4: Disabled people are identified as those who report any physical or mental health condition(s) or illness(es) that last or are expected to last 12 months or more, and which limit their ability to carry out day-to-day activities a little, or a lot. This is in line with Equality Act definition. The means of identifying people with a disability has changed over time, and data before financial year ending 2013 are not comparable with current data.

Note 5: Some pensioners live as a couple with a partner of working age and therefore the age of the head of household will be under 65.

Note 6: The pensioner couple category will include some working age adults who live as a couple with a partner of pension age.

See the link on the Weblinks tab


Social Inclusion; HBAI; Income; Poverty