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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Commuting patterns in Wales by measure and year

Responses for work location relate to the respondent’s usual working pattern if coronavirus restrictions were not in place. Therefore, data for 2020 do not reflect actual commuting patterns observed during the pandemic.

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MeasureResponses for work location relate to the respondent\’s usual working pattern if coronavirus restrictions were not in place.[Filter]
Click here to sort2001Click here to sort2002Click here to sort2003Click here to sort2004Click here to sort2005Click here to sort2006Click here to sort2007Click here to sort2008Click here to sort2009Click here to sort2010Click here to sort2011Click here to sort2012Click here to sort2013Click here to sort2014Click here to sort2015Click here to sort2016Click here to sort2017Click here to sort2018Click here to sort2019Click here to sort2020Annual Population Survey (APS) responses are weighted to official population projections. As the current population projections are 2018-based they are based on demographic trends that pre-date the COVID-19 pandemic. This will particularly affect estimates for country of birth, nationality, ethnicity and disability. See Metadata for more information.
Total number of working residents in the areaThis shows the total number of residents who are in work, including those who commute out of the area. This may differ to official employment levels as it only includes those who have specified their work location.1,229,3001,248,2001,271,1001,302,9001,310,6001,324,9001,340,4001,340,8001,309,6001,309,0001,316,6001,323,5001,351,5001,364,3001,381,8001,405,1001,426,0001,445,2001,451,6001,430,400
Total number of people working in the areaThis shows the total number of people who work in the area, including those who commute in from outside the area...|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available1,262,5001,290,6001,298,9001,320,8001,320,9001,277,7001,275,9001,288,4001,281,2001,304,4001,332,9001,344,0001,355,1001,373,5001,397,5001,395,8001,378,400
Number of people living and working within the same areaThis shows the total number of residents who work in the same area as they live. At a Wales level it shows the number of people who both live and work in Wales.1,158,9001,175,1001,195,4001,220,9001,238,2001,239,9001,260,4001,261,6001,229,9001,226,3001,233,3001,237,1001,262,0001,280,7001,296,0001,315,1001,331,3001,349,8001,353,1001,330,100
Number of people commuting out of the areaThis shows the total number of working residents who commute out of the area to work elsewhere. At a Wales level it shows the number of people who commute out of Wales to work.70,40073,10075,70082,00072,40085,00080,00079,10079,60082,70083,40086,40089,50083,60085,80090,00094,70095,40098,500100,300
Number of people commuting into the areaThis shows the total number of people who commute into the area to work. At a Wales level it shows the number of people who commute into Wales to work...|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available..|The data item is not available41,70052,50059,00060,40059,20047,70049,60055,10044,10042,50052,20048,00040,00042,20047,70042,70048,400

Metadata

Title

Commuting patterns by Welsh local authority

Last update

14 April 2021 14 April 2021

Next update

April 2022

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Contact email

economic.stats@gov.wales

Designation

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage

Wales

Languages covered

English only

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence

General description

This dataset provides information on commuting patterns by local authority in Wales and flows between Wales and the rest of the UK.

Data collection and calculation

ONS have reweighted the APS to take account of population data from the 2011 Census. Therefore, all estimates from quarter 4 of 2004 to quarter 3 of 2014 have been revised.

The Annual Population Survey, which includes the WLLFS, is an annual sample survey of households living at private addresses in the UK. The annual survey uses results from those sampled for the main quarterly Labour Force Survey and since 2001 additional persons have been sampled on an annual basis to provide a more robust (boosted) annual dataset across the UK, with estimates subject to much lower sampling variability. For Wales, the data are now based on an enhanced sample (around 350 per cent larger) compared to earlier years.

The additional persons sampled in the APS are based on four waves, over four years of the survey. For the first wave, the response rate in Wales is around 60%, with around 75% of these remaining by the fourth wave. In total, approaching 20,000 households are sampled each year for the APS in Wales.
The APS relates to calendar years, whereas the WLLFS used the year ending in February. Therefore values for 2001 to 2003 relate to the years ending February 2002, February 2003 and February 2004. Subsequent values relate to calendar years.

The Welsh Local Labour Force Survey (WLLFS) only contains data for those living in Wales, excluding those commuting into Wales from the rest of the UK. This affects the figures for many local authorities, especially those on the border with England. Therefore, the 2001-2003 figures for ‘Total number of people working in the area’ and ‘Number of people commuting into the area’ have been suppressed.

Frequency of publication

Annual

Data reference periods

2001 to 2020

Users, uses and context

We believe the key users of commuting in Wales statistics are:
Ministers and the Members Research Service in the National Assembly for Wales;
Other areas of the Welsh Government;
Welsh Local Authorities
Other government departments;
Students, academics and universities;
Individual citizens and private companies.
The statistics are used in a variety of ways. Some examples of the uses include: Advice to Ministers; Research and general background material;
To inform debate in the National Assembly for Wales and beyond.

Revisions information

In March 2019, the Annual Population Survey data has been revised back to 2012, due to taking on board the latest population estimates.

October 2019: The measure previously labelled “Number of people working in home authority” was calculated so that the Wales figure was a sum of those who lived and worked in the same local authority. This has now been changed to “Number of people living and working within the same area” so that at a Wales level it shows the number of people who both live and work in Wales (including those who travel between different local authorities within Wales).

Statistical quality

Annual Population Survey (APS) responses are weighted to official population projections. As the current projections are 2018-based they are based on demographic trends that pre-date the COVID-19 pandemic. ONS are analysing the population totals used in the weighting process and intend to make adjustments where appropriate. Rates published from the APS remain robust; however, levels and changes in levels should be used with caution. This will particularly affect estimates for country of birth, nationality, ethnicity and disability. The latest data showed changes in employment for some groups that could be a result of the population weighting issue, and not reflect true changes.

As the LFS/APS is a sample survey all estimates are subject to sampling variability. This is because the sample selected is one of only a very large number of possible samples that could have been drawn from the population. Standard errors (SEs) are commonly used as indicators of the extent to which the estimate based on a sample differs from the true population value. The larger the standard error, the less precise the estimate is. Coefficients of variation (CV) give the standard error as a proportion of the
estimate itself.

Keywords

Commuting