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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Business births by area and year
VariableLevel/Rate [Filtered]
[Collapse]Area 1
[Collapse]Area 2
[Collapse]Area 3
Area 4
Click here to sort2010Click here to sort2011Click here to sort2012Click here to sort2013Click here to sort2014Click here to sort2015Click here to sort2016Click here to sort2017Click here to sort2018Click here to sort2019Click here to sort2020
[Collapse]United Kingdom235,145261,370269,250346,275350,305382,755413,900375,605370,165390,230(p) The data item is provisional.357,725
United Kingdom[Collapse]Great Britain230,555257,625265,315341,420345,500377,315407,965368,755364,265383,605(p) The data item is provisional.351,350
Great Britain[Collapse]England207,520232,460239,660308,565312,920344,065373,580335,280331,305349,675(p) The data item is provisional.321,650
England[Expand]North East5,9757,0707,2659,6859,6509,63510,1809,4959,4409,795(p) The data item is provisional.9,520
[Expand]North West22,70525,69526,53535,28534,27536,50042,03544,73039,14039,205(p) The data item is provisional.37,780
[Expand]Yorkshire and the Humber16,63017,23517,68023,12023,46525,14026,77522,60023,11024,570(p) The data item is provisional.23,880
[Expand]East Midlands14,32516,05516,62522,03522,03525,34524,63022,39022,77024,370(p) The data item is provisional.24,030
[Expand]West Midlands17,80519,55519,64525,73525,74029,35034,69530,68530,84036,005(p) The data item is provisional.29,660
[Expand]East22,58024,93025,33532,57032,59535,44045,40036,68535,68536,040(p) The data item is provisional.32,015
[Expand]London52,75561,39565,09583,60088,580100,920102,13591,88093,89599,545(p) The data item is provisional.89,270
[Expand]South East36,91040,77541,24550,89551,28055,58555,95551,58052,33054,795(p) The data item is provisional.50,760
[Expand]South West17,83519,75020,23525,64025,30026,15031,77525,23524,09525,350(p) The data item is provisional.24,735
[Collapse]Wales7,5058,2258,27011,32011,34511,52512,11512,70512,38512,265(p) The data item is provisional.11,905
Wales[Collapse]West Wales and the Valleys4,3254,8504,6706,5006,4106,5657,0406,8957,4757,280(p) The data item is provisional.6,905
West Wales and the ValleysIsle of Anglesey180155150210195195195170200195(p) The data item is provisional.190
Gwynedd305340305405390405385405330350(p) The data item is provisional.295
Conwy305320375460470375415405355365(p) The data item is provisional.415
Denbighshire240280280390365350375310280615(p) The data item is provisional.350
Ceredigion180205180240225230235220185230(p) The data item is provisional.200
Pembrokeshire275360360465395415455410700510(p) The data item is provisional.500
Carmarthenshire420520440630600635665625605605(p) The data item is provisional.720
Swansea5705856058258758908408651,3051,290(p) The data item is provisional.1,050
Neath Port Talbot280295275395365400420350365375(p) The data item is provisional.435
Bridgend330395355475550505535460475540(p) The data item is provisional.550
Rhondda Cynon Taf5005555057857909251,2401,5301,185905(p) The data item is provisional.935
Merthyr Tydfil95135130225200230255220170190(p) The data item is provisional.180
Caerphilly370370375555540530555500885655(p) The data item is provisional.590
Blaenau Gwent95140125190170190180155150190(p) The data item is provisional.210
Torfaen180195210250280290290270285265(p) The data item is provisional.285
[Collapse]East Wales3,1603,3753,6004,8204,9354,9605,0755,8104,9104,985(p) The data item is provisional.5,000
East WalesFlintshire390420515625595595665645700700(p) The data item is provisional.770
Wrexham350340370450435445480520425445(p) The data item is provisional.445
Powys350380390465470465460420405405(p) The data item is provisional.425
Vale of Glamorgan360380395605550570565490435510(p) The data item is provisional.485
Cardiff1,0201,1351,1901,6651,8351,8001,7801,6451,5801,735(p) The data item is provisional.1,700
Monmouthshire305325325450440455430415415415(p) The data item is provisional.355
Newport3853954155606106306951,675950775(p) The data item is provisional.820
[Expand]North WalesThis is the North Wales economic region. Please see summary information for further details.1,7701,8551,9952,5402,4502,3652,5152,4552,2902,670(p) The data item is provisional.2,465
[Expand]Mid WalesThis is an approximation to the Mid Wales economic region. Please see summary information for further details.530585570705695695695640590635(p) The data item is provisional.625
[Expand]South West WalesThis is the South West Wales economic region. Please see summary information for further details.1,5451,7601,6802,3152,2352,3402,3802,2502,9752,780(p) The data item is provisional.2,705
[Expand]South East WalesThis is the South East Wales economic region. Please see summary information for further details.3,6404,0254,0255,7605,9656,1256,5257,3606,5306,180(p) The data item is provisional.6,110
[Expand]Mid and South West WalesThis is the Mid and South West Wales economic region. Please see summary information for further details.2,0752,3452,2503,0202,9303,0353,0752,8903,5653,415(p) The data item is provisional.3,330
[Expand]Scotland15,53016,94017,38521,53521,23521,72522,27020,77020,57521,665(p) The data item is provisional.17,795
[Expand]Northern Ireland4,5903,7453,9354,8554,8055,4405,9356,8505,9006,625(p) The data item is provisional.6,375



Business births, deaths and active enterprises

Last update

23 November 2021 23 November 2021

Next update

November 2022

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Business Demography, Office for National Statistics

Contact email


National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage

UK regions

Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

This dataset details business births, deaths and active enterprises by area.

Data collection and calculation

ONS use data from the IDBR to produce business demography statistics, using guidelines found in the Eurostat/OECD manual on Business Demography. The starting point for demography is the concept of a population of active businesses in a reference year. These are defined as businesses that had either turnover or employment at any time during the reference period. Births and deaths are then identified by comparing active populations for different years.

A birth is defined as a business that was present in year t, but did not exist in year t-1 or t-2. Births are identified by making a comparison of annual active population files and identifying those present in the latest one, but not the two previous ones.

A death is defined as a business that was on the active file in year t but no longer present on the active file for year t+1 or t+2. To produce more timely statistics, the UK business demography statistics contain a preliminary death indicator, which includes an adjustment for estimated reactivations. Reactivations occur where a business becomes dormant for a period of less than 2 years, then recommences activity in a manner which complies with a definition of continuity. If the definition of continuity is not met (e.g. if a business recommences activity but at a different location and with a different activity), this would be considered a death followed by a birth. Reactivations can also occur due to lags in the administrative data source (VAT/PAYE) so that a business that continues to trade can appear to die. The deaths data exclude losses to the population as a result of mergers, break-ups, split-offs or other re-structuring.
The ONS business demography statistics differ from the former Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) statistics statistics in that they include PAYE-registered units. Therefore, the ONS statistics will additionally include the births and deaths of employing businesses which are not VAT-registered, providing a more comprehensive view of business start-up activity. The ONS data also has a higher number of active businesses than both the former BERR VAT-based series and the expanded UK Business: Activity Size and Location publication. This is because the business demography methodology takes into account businesses that were active at any time during the reference year, whereas the former BERR series calculates stock by adding registrations and substracting deregistrations from the previous year’s stock; the UK Business: Activity Size and Location publication is based on a snapshot taken from the IDBR at a point in time in March. Additionally, business demography includes a group of non-corporate PAYE businesses, which are excluded from the UK Business: Activity Size and Location due to a small risk of duplication.

The economic regions, as set out in Welsh Government’s Economic Action Plan, are made up of the following local authorities:
Mid and South West Wales: Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, Swansea, Neath Port Talbot, Powys and Ceredigion.
South East Wales: Bridgend, The Vale of Glamorgan, Cardiff, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen, Monmouthshire and Newport.
North Wales: Isle of Anglesey, Gwynedd, Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire and Wrexham.

The region of Mid & South West Wales was formerly split into the following two economic regions:
Mid Wales: Powys and Ceredigion.
South West Wales: Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, Swansea and Neath Port Talbot.
Within this previous split of the Welsh economic regions, part of Gwynedd local authority (the former district of Meirionydd) lay in the Mid Wales economic region, although this is not represented in the data.

Please note, levels for Welsh economic regions and NUTS3 areas and all rates (including per 10,000 population figures) have been calculated using the rounded figures, published by the Office for National Statistics.

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

2002 to 2020

Rounding applied

Data are rounded to nearest 5.

Revisions information

The latest two years' estimates on births and deaths are subject to revision, which would normally be made in the following year's publication.

Statistical quality

See Weblinks

Totals across tables may differ by minor amounts due to the disclosure control methods used.