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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Business births by area and year
Size band[Filtered]
Area Code[Filter]
[Collapse]Area 1
[Collapse]Area 2
[Collapse]Area 3
Area 4
Click here to sort2010Click here to sort2011Click here to sort2012Click here to sort2013Click here to sort2014Click here to sort2015Click here to sort2016Click here to sort2017
[Collapse]United Kingdom235,145261,370(r) 269,250(r) 346,275(r) 350,305(r) 382,755(r) 413,900(p) 381,885
United Kingdom[Collapse]Great Britain230,555257,625(r) 265,315(r) 341,420(r) 345,500(r) 377,315(r) 407,965(p) 375,030
Great Britain[Collapse]England207,520232,460(r) 239,660(r) 308,565(r) 312,920(r) 344,065(r) 373,580(p) 339,345
England[Expand]North East5,9757,0707,2659,6859,6509,63510,180(p) 9,545
[Expand]North West22,70525,69526,53535,28534,27536,500(r) 42,035(p) 47,465
[Expand]Yorkshire and the Humber16,63017,235(r) 17,680(r) 23,120(r) 23,465(r) 25,140(r) 26,775(p) 22,600
[Expand]East Midlands14,32516,05516,62522,03522,03525,34524,630(p) 22,565
[Expand]West Midlands17,80519,555(r) 19,64525,73525,74029,350(r) 34,695(p) 30,735
[Expand]East22,58024,93025,33532,57032,59535,44045,400(p) 36,935
[Expand]London52,75561,39565,09583,60088,580100,920(r) 102,135(p) 92,300
[Expand]South East36,91040,77541,24550,89551,280(r) 55,585(r) 55,955(p) 51,965
[Expand]South West17,83519,75020,23525,64025,300(r) 26,15031,775(p) 25,235
[Collapse]Wales7,5058,2258,27011,32011,34511,52512,115(p) 14,120
Wales[Collapse]North Wales1,7701,8551,9952,5402,4502,3652,515(p) 2,460
North WalesIsle of Anglesey180155150210195(r) 195195(p) 170
Gwynedd305340305405390405385(p) 405
Conwy305320375460470375415(p) 405
Denbighshire240280280390365350375(p) 310
Flintshire390420515625595(r) 595665(p) 645
Wrexham350340370450435445480(p) 525
[Collapse]Mid Wales530585570705695695695(p) 640
Mid WalesPowys350380390465470465460(p) 420
Ceredigion180205180240225230235(p) 220
[Collapse]South West Wales1,5451,760(r) 1,6802,3152,2352,3402,380(p) 2,255
South West WalesPembrokeshire275360360465395415455(p) 410
Carmarthenshire420520(r) 440630600635665(p) 625
Swansea570585605825875890840(p) 870
Neath Port Talbot280295275395365400420(p) 350
[Collapse]South East Wales3,6404,025(r) 4,0255,7605,9656,1256,525(p) 8,765
South East WalesBridgend330395355475550505535(p) 460
Vale of Glamorgan360380395605550570565(p) 490
Cardiff1,0201,1351,1901,6651,8351,8001,780(p) 1,645
Rhondda Cynon Taff5005555057857909251,240(p) 2,935
Merthyr Tydfil95135130225200230255(p) 220
Caerphilly370370375555540530555(p) 500
Blaenau Gwent95140125190170190180(p) 155
Torfaen180195210250280290290(p) 270
Monmouthshire305325325450440455430(p) 415
Newport385395(r) 415560610630695(p) 1,675
[Collapse]Scotland[Collapse]ScotlandScotland15,53016,94017,385(r) 21,53521,23521,72522,270(p) 21,565
[Expand]Northern Ireland4,5903,7453,9354,8554,8055,4405,935(p) 6,855
[Expand]West Wales and the Valleys4,3254,850(r) 4,6706,5006,410(r) 6,5657,040(p) 8,305
[Expand]East Wales3,1603,375(r) 3,6004,8204,935(r) 4,9605,075(p) 5,815


Business births, deaths and active enterprises

Last update
23 November 2018 23 November 2018

Next update
November 2019

Publishing organisation
Welsh Government

Source 1
Business Demography, Office for National Statistics

Contact email

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation
Local authorities

Geographical coverage
UK regions

Languages covered
English only

Data licensing
You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description
This dataset details business births, deaths and active enterprises by area.

Data collection and calculation
ONS use data from the IDBR to produce business demography statistics, using guidelines found in the Eurostat/OECD manual on Business Demography. The starting point for demography is the concept of a population of active businesses in a reference year. These are defined as businesses that had either turnover or employment at any time during the reference period. Births and deaths are then identified by comparing active populations for different years.

A birth is defined as a business that was present in year t, but did not exist in year t-1 or t-2. Births are identified by making a comparison of annual active population files and identifying those present in the latest one, but not the two previous ones.

A death is defined as a business that was on the active file in year t but no longer present on the active file for year t+1 or t+2. To produce more timely statistics, the UK business demography statistics contain a preliminary death indicator, which includes an adjustment for estimated reactivations. Reactivations occur where a business becomes dormant for a period of less than 2 years, then recommences activity in a manner which complies with a definition of continuity. If the definition of continuity is not met (e.g. if a business recommences activity but at a different location and with a different activity), this would be considered a death followed by a birth. Reactivations can also occur due to lags in the administrative data source (VAT/PAYE) so that a business that continues to trade can appear to die. The deaths data exclude losses to the population as a result of mergers, break-ups, split-offs or other re-structuring.
The ONS business demography statistics differ from the former Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) statistics statistics in that they include PAYE-registered units. Therefore, the ONS statistics will additionally include the births and deaths of employing businesses which are not VAT-registered, providing a more comprehensive view of business start-up activity. The ONS data also has a higher number of active businesses than both the former BERR VAT-based series and the expanded UK Business: Activity Size and Location publication. This is because the business demography methodology takes into account businesses that were active at any time during the reference year, whereas the former BERR series calculates stock by adding registrations and substracting deregistrations from the previous year’s stock; the UK Business: Activity Size and Location publication is based on a snapshot taken from the IDBR at a point in time in March. Additionally, business demography includes a group of non-corporate PAYE businesses, which are excluded from the UK Business: Activity Size and Location due to a small risk of duplication.

Frequency of publication

Data reference periods
2002 to 2017

Rounding applied
Data are rounded to nearest 5.

Revisions information
The latest two years' estimates on births and deaths are subject to revision, which would normally be made in the following year's publication.

Statistical quality
See Weblinks