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Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics Annual Population Survey - Frequency of speaking Welsh by age, sex and year
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Year[Filtered]
Measure2
Welsh Frequency[Filter]
[Collapse]Sex[Filter]
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Sex 1
[Collapse]Age[Filter]
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Age 1
[Collapse]Daily[Collapse]Weekly[Collapse]Less Often[Collapse]Never
[Collapse]TotalClick here to sortTotal[Collapse]TotalClick here to sortTotal[Collapse]TotalClick here to sortTotal[Collapse]TotalClick here to sortTotal
Click here to sortFemaleClick here to sortMaleClick here to sortFemaleClick here to sortMaleClick here to sortFemaleClick here to sortMaleClick here to sortFemaleClick here to sortMale
[Collapse]Total15.813.014.45.35.55.46.96.26.51.81.51.7
TotalAge 3-1535.230.432.811.313.412.4*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication2.8*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication
Age 16-2419.214.816.9*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication6.25.813.110.311.6*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication3.7
Age 25-3412.19.010.5*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication4.78.49.99.2*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication
Age 35-4413.18.110.65.3*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication4.46.67.77.2*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication
Age 45-5413.98.711.44.3*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication4.16.54.75.6*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication
Age 55-649.78.59.13.62.63.15.84.55.2*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication*The data item is disclosive or not sufficiently robust for publication1.4
Age 65+9.28.99.13.23.03.17.15.56.32.11.51.8

Metadata

Title

Frequency of speaking Welsh by age and sex

Last update

27 June 2024 27 June 2024

Next update

To be confirmed

Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Contact email

welshlanguagedata@gov.wales

Designation

National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation

Local authorities

Geographical coverage

Wales

Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence

General description

This dataset provides information on how often people aged 3 or older say that they speak Welsh, by Welsh age and sex. These percentages sum to the total percentage who report being able to speak Welsh.

Data collection and calculation

The Annual Population Survey switched from face-to-face to phone interviews in mid-March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has been monitoring the impact this change has had on the survey and as a result have re-weighted the estimates accordingly. Face-to-face interviews were reintroduced in autumn 2023.

By comparing people who completed the survey over the telephone with people who completed the survey face-to-face in the period before March 2020, respondents did appear to be more likely to state that they could speak Welsh when answering the survey over the telephone.

At present, it is not possible to say whether any recent changes in Welsh language ability are as a result of the change in the way the survey is conducted, or real changes in the population’s ability in Welsh. The results should therefore be interpreted with caution.

These data are taken from the Annual Population Survey (APS) datasets for 2005 onwards and the Welsh Local Labour Force Survey (WLLFS) prior to that. These surveys are carried out by the ONS. APS data are collected throughout the year and are published for calendar years. WLLFS data was published for the year ended February, each year i.e. 2001 WLLFS data relates to year ended February 2002. The data don’t exactly match annual averages derived from the four quarterly datasets in each year due to differences in the sampling structure.
The local authority and Wales figures for 2001, 2002 and 2003 in these tables may not be the same as published elsewhere, as the numbers here are estimated using Welsh specific weights. These weights better reflect the population estimates for Welsh local authorities in these years.
Nomis is the ONS's official portal for labour market statistics. Note that some estimates from Nomis for the APS may differ slightly from those presented here due to differences in how local authority geographies are constructed.

Frequency of publication

Quarterly

Data reference periods

2007 to 2024

Rounding applied

Figures are rounded to the nearest 100 and so there may be some apparent slight discrepancies between the sum of constituent items and the totals as shown.

Statistical quality

As the data come from a survey, the results are sample-based estimates and therefore subject to differing degrees of sampling variability, i.e. the true value for any measure lies in a differing range about the estimated value. This range or sampling variability increases as the detail in the data increases, for example local authority data are subject to higher variability than regional data.

Keywords

Welsh speakers, frequency, language