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As the demand increases for statistics and data to measure the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have had to change our data gathering and release practices, focussing efforts on priority analysis and statistics.
Data Provider: Welsh Government National Statistics People in relative income poverty by tenure type
YearIn March 2021, DWP made minor revisions to the whole time series up to 2019/20, to capture all income from child maintenance. In most cases the percentages of people in low income were unchanged rounded to the nearest percentage point.[Filter]
Indicator 1
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[Collapse]All households813782803823813813833844844823833
All householdsSocial Rented312299312310299273308322358323310
Private Rented240253251274273294283281270258270
Owner Occupied346311312322323322321321309321332



Households Below Average Income

Last update

March 2021 March 2021

Next update


Publishing organisation

Welsh Government

Source 1

Households Below Average Income, Family Resources Survey, Department for Work and Pensions

Contact email


National Statistics

Lowest level of geographical disaggregation


Geographical coverage


Languages covered

English and Welsh

Data licensing

You may use and re-use this data free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government License - see

General description

This table presents data on all people living in households that have a household income below 60 per cent of the UK median household income after housing costs are paid.

Data collection and calculation

The data is based on Welsh Government analysis of datasets provided by the Department of Work and Pensions Households Below Average Income Team

Frequency of publication


Data reference periods

Figures shown are multi-year moving averages, as indicated.

Users, uses and context

See the link on the Weblinks tab

Rounding applied

See the link on the Weblinks tab

Revisions information

A minor methodological revision has been made to the HBAI data series by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to capture all income from child maintenance. This results in more income from child maintenance being included, in turn slightly increasing some household incomes and so tending to slightly reduce low income rates for families with children. The full back series (back to 1994/95) has been revised so that comparisons over time are on a consistent basis across the full time series. In terms of the impact of these revisions, in most cases the percentages of people in low income are unchanged rounded to the nearest percentage point.


Social Inclusion; HBAI; Income; Poverty

Statistical quality

See the link on the Weblinks tab